BioMed Research International / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

A Review on Plants Used for Improvement of Sexual Performance and Virility

Table 1

List of plant reported in Ayurveda as Vajikaran Rasayan.

Serial numberHindi nameBotanical name FamilyParts useUses

1AkarkaraAnacyclus pyrethrum DCAsteraceaeDried rootsVajikaran,
Balakarka
2AkharotJuglans regia Linn. JuglandaceaeDried cotylcdousVrsya, Bala, Sukral
3AdarakhaZingiber officinalis Rosc. ZingiberaceaeFresh rhizomesVrsya
4BhrngarajaElcipta alba nassleAsteraceaeWhole plantBalya,
Rasayana
5Manduka parniBacopa monnieri Linn. ScrophularaceaeDried whole plantRasayana
6AnarPunica granatum Linn. PunicaceaeDried seedSukralya,
Balya
7GambhariGmeline arborea Roxb. VerbenaceaeDried fruitRasayana,
Sukrala
8GannaSaccharum officinarum Linn. PodceaeDried stemVrsya, Balya
9JayataSesbana sesbanl Linn. FabaceaeFresh & dried rootRasayana
10TalmakhanaAsteracantha longifolia NeesAcanthaceaeWhole plant seedBaiya, Vrsya,
Vajikarna
11MakoyaSolanum nigrum Linn. SolanaceaeDried whole plantRasayana,
Vrsya
12KaithaFeronia limonia Linn. RutaceaeDried pulp of mature fruitVrsya
13MahuwaMadhuca indica SaptoceaeFlowerSukrala,
Balya
14TesuButea monosperma Lam. FabaceaeDried stem barkVrsya
15Gandha prasariniPaederia foetida Linn. RubiaceaeWhole plantVrsya
16PiyalBuchanania lanzan SprengAnacardiaceaeSeedVrsya, Bala
17ChavalOryza sativa Linn. PoaceaeDried rootBalya,
Rasayana
18ShankhapusphiConvolvulus pluricaulis ChoisConvolulaceaWhole plantBalya,
Rasayana
19Vidari kandaPueraria tuberosa DCLeguminosaeSliced & dried pieces of tuberous rootSukralya,
Balya,
Rasayana
20BasanaayAconitum Chasmanthum RanunculaceaeDried rootsRasayana
21JavHordeum vulgare Linn. PoaceceaeDried fruitVrsya, Balya
22AmlaEmblica officinalis EuphorbiaceaeFresh fruit pulpVrsya, Rasayna
23VijayasaraPterocarpus marsupium Roxb. LeguminosaeHeart woodRasayna
24AsagandhaWithania somnifera DunalSolanaceaeDried mature rootsVajikarana, Balya, Rasayana
25KunghiAbutilon indicum Linn. MalvaceaeRootsBalya, Vrsya
26BelaAegle marmelos RutaceaeaeRipe fruitBalya
27GokhruTribulus terrestris Linn. ZygophyllaceaeRoot fruitVrsya
28GiloeTinospora Cordifolia MenispermaceaeStemBalya, Rasayana
29GugalCommiphora wightii BurseraceaeExudateBalya
30HaradTerminallia chebula RetzCombretaceaeMature fruitRasayana
31JaiphalMyristica fragraus MyristicaceaeDried seedsVrsya
32KapasaGossypium herbaceum Linn. MalvaceaeSeedVrsya
33KasesuScirpus kysoor Roxb. CyperaceaeRhizomeSukra
34KeradaPandanus tectorius sokmelPandanaceaeRootBalya, Rasayana
35SauntFoeniculum Vulgare MillUmbelliferaeRipe fruitBalya
36BhaangCannabis sativa Linn. CannabaceaeDried leavesVajikara
37MulethiGlycyrrhiza glabra Linn. LeguminosaeRootBalya, Vrsya
38HadjodCissus quadrangularis Linn. VitaceaeDried stemVrsya
39KewandrMucuna prurita Hook. FabaceaeMature seedBalya, Vrsya
40MunkkaVitis vinifera Linn. VitaceaeDried mature fruitVrsya
41EvanaRicinus communis Linn. EuphorbiaceaeFresh leafVrsya
42Bichu hathjoriMartynia annua Linn. MartyniaceaeDried seedRasayan
43KakoliLillum polyphyllum D.DonLiliaceaeTuberous rootSukrala
44Kamal kandNelumbo nucifera Gaertn NymphaeaceaeRhizomeVrsya
45KasaSaccharum spontaneum Linn. PoaceaeRoot stockVrsya, Bala
46KuiNymphaea alba Linn. NymphaeaceaeDried flowersBalya
47LahasunAllium sativum Linn. LiliaceaeBulbBalya, Vrsya, Rasayna
48PitabalaSida rhomifolia Linn. MalvaceaeDried rootSukra,
Balya
49ManjithaRubia cordifolia Linn. RubiaceaeStemVrsya, Rasanyana
50MashvanTeramnus iabialis SprenyFabaceaeWhole plantBalya, Vrsya
51MasurLens culinaris medicFabaceaeDried seedsBalya
52PanPiper betle Linn. PiperaceaeLeafBalya, Vrsya
53NariyalCocos nucifera Linn. ArecaceaeDried endospermBalya, Vrsya
54Rakta chandanaPetrocarpus santalinus Linn. FabaceaeHeard woodBalya, Vrsya
55SarivanDesmodium gangetium DC FabaceaeDried rootBalya, Vrsya
56ChavalOryza sativa Linn. PoaceaeDried fruitVrsya
57SarkandSaccharum bengalense Retz. PoaceaeRootBalya, Vrsya
58GulabRosa centifolia Linn. RosaceaeDried flowerSukra
59SeesamDalbergia sissoo Roxb. FabaceaeStem barkBalya
60JhunerTaxus baccata Linn. TaxaceaeDried leafSukravarahake
61Safed chandanSantalum album Linn. SantalaceaeHeart woodVrsya
62TalBorassus flabellifer Linn. AraceaeMale inflorescenceVrsya
63LoukiLagenaria siceraria CucurbitaceaeFresh fruitVrsya
64Neel kanalNymphaea stellata WilldNymphaeaceaeDried flowerRasayana

The meanings of the Sanskrit words are Vrsya: increase sexual potential; Rasayan: that nourishes body, boosts immunity, and helps to keep the body and mind in best of health. Balya: that acts as vitilizer; Sukra: increase sperm count.

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