BioMed Research International / 2014 / Article / Tab 3

Review Article

A Review on Plants Used for Improvement of Sexual Performance and Virility

Table 3

A tabular overview of some of the active consitutent with scientific findings and source description.

Serial numberPlant nameActive constituentReferences

1Andrographis paniculata Wall.ex Nees (Acanthaceae)Andrographolide[187]
2Aspidosperma ulei Markgr (Apocyanaceae)Alkaloidal fraction[119]
3Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk. ex Endl. (Celastraceae)Cathinone[188]
4Crocus sativus L. (Iridaceae)Crocetin, Crocin[136]
5Epimedium sagittatum  (Siebold & Zucc.)  Maxim.  (Berberidaceae)Icariin[58]
6Ferula hermonis L. (Umbelliferae)Ferutinin[189, 190]
7Panax ginseng L. (Araliaceae)Ginsenosides[158, 191]
8Lepedium meyeni Walp (Oleacaceae)Meiconoides[71]
9Lycium barbaru L. (Solanaceae)Polysaccharides[192]
10Mucuna macrocarpa Wall. (Leguminosae)Quercetin[193]
11Mucuna pruriens Baker. (Leguminosae)Total Alkaloids[84]
12Microdesmis keayana J. Léonard (Pandaceae)Keayanidine B
and keayanine
13Palisota Hirsuta (Thunb.) K. Schum. (Commelinaceae)Total Flavonoids[194]
14Pausinystalia yohimbe Pierre ex Beille (Rubiaceae)Yohimbine[195, 196]
15Securidaca longepedunculata Fres (Polygalaceae)Novel xanthones,[197]
16Satureja khuzestanica Jamzad (Lamiaceae)Essential oil;[198]
17Tribulus terrestris L. (Zygophyllaceae)Saponins, Furostenol Glycoside [100, 199]
18Turnera diffusa Wild (Turneraceae)Flavonoids[200]
19Zingiber officinale Roscoe (Zingiberaceae)Zingerone,
20Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) ex Don (Orchidaceae) 2,7,7-tri methyl bicyclo [2.2.1] heptane[201]
21Smallanthus sonchifolius Yacon (Asteraceae)ferulic acid, chlorogenic acid[202]

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