Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 891630, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/891630
Research Article

Phytomediated Biostimulation of the Autochthonous Bacterial Community for the Acceleration of the Depletion of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Contaminated Sediments

1Department of Biology, University of Pisa, 56126 Pisa, Italy
2Teseco SpA, Via Carlo Ludovico Ragghianti 12, 56121 Pisa, Italy
3STA srl, Via della Gherardesca 2, Ospedaletto, 56121 Pisa, Italy
4Institute of Applied Research (Affiliated with University of Haifa), The Galilee Society, P.O. Box 437, 20200 Shefa-Amr, Israel
5Tel Hai College, 12208 Upper Galilee, Israel

Received 13 February 2014; Revised 15 July 2014; Accepted 15 July 2014; Published 7 August 2014

Academic Editor: Daniele Daffonchio

Copyright © 2014 Simona Di Gregorio et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. M. Bamforth and I. Singleton, “Bioremediation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: current knowledge and future directions,” Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, vol. 80, no. 7, pp. 723–736, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. Ravindra, R. Sokhi, and R. Van Grieken, “Atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Source attribution, emission factors and regulation,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 42, no. 13, pp. 2895–2921, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. K. Samanta, O. V. Singh, and R. K. Jain, “Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: environmental pollution and bioremediation,” Trends in Biotechnology, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 243–248, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. G. M. VanRooij, M. M. Bodelier-Bade, and F. J. Jongeneelen, “Estimation of individual dermal and respiratory uptake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in 12 coke oven workers,” British Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 623–632, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. D. MacRae and K. J. Hall, “Biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in marine sediment under denitrifying conditions,” Water Science and Technology, vol. 38, no. 11, pp. 177–185, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Cébron, M. Norini, T. Beguiristain, and C. Leyval, “Real-Time PCR quantification of PAH-ring hydroxylating dioxygenase (PAH-RHDα) genes from Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria in soil and sediment samples,” Journal of Microbiological Methods, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 148–159, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. B. Kauppi, K. Lee, E. Carredano et al., “Structure of an aromatic-ring-hydroxylating dioxygenasenaphthalene 1,2-dioxygenase,” Structure, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 571–586, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Habe and T. Omori, “Genetics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon metabolism in diverse aerobic bacteria,” Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 225–243, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Di Gregorio, H. Azaizeh, and R. Lorenzi, “Biostimulation of the autochthonous microbial community for the depletion of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in contaminated sediments,” Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 3989–3999, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Yateem, “Rhizoremediation of oil-contaminated sites: a perspective on the Gulf War environmental catastrophe on the State of Kuwait,” Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 100–107, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. E. Joner, S. C. Corgié, N. Amellal, and C. Leyval, “Nutritional constraints to degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a simulated rhizosphere,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 859–864, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. K. Miya and M. K. Firestone, “Phenanthrene-degrader community dynamics in rhizosphere soil from a common annual grass,” Journal of Environmental Quality, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 584–592, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. K. Miya and M. K. Firestone, “Enhanced phenanthrene biodegradation in soil by slender oat root exudates and root debris,” Journal of Environmental Quality, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 1911–1918, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. T. D. Nichols, D. C. Wolf, H. B. Rogers, C. A. Beyrouty, and C. M. Reynolds, “Rhizosphere microbial populations in contaminated soils,” Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, vol. 95, no. 1–4, pp. 165–178, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. A. Reilley, M. K. Banks, and A. P. Schwab, “Organic chemicals in the environment: dissipation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the rhizosphere,” Journal of Environmental Quality, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 212–219, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. H. Chen and M. D. Aitken, “Salicylate stimulates the degradation of high-molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by Pseudomonas saccharophila P15,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 435–439, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. B. Leigh, J. S. Fletcher, X. Fu, and F. J. Schmitz, “Root turnover: an important source of microbial substrates in rhizosphere remediation of recalcitrant contaminants,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 1579–1583, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. F. Fons, N. Amellal, C. Leyval, N. Saint-Martin, and M. Henry, “Effects of Gypsophila saponins on bacterial growth kinetics and on selection of subterranean clover rhizosphere bacteria,” Canadian Journal of Microbiology, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 367–373, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Kamath, J. L. Schnoor, and P. J. J. Alvarez, “Effect of Root-derived substrates on the expression of nah-lux genes in Pseudomonas fluorescens HK44: implications for PAH biodegradation in the rhizosphere,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 1740–1745, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. D. Siciliano, N. Fortin, A. Mihoc et al., “Selection of specific endophytic bacterial genotypes by plants in response to soil contamination,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 2469–2475, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. V. Andria, T. G. Reichenauer, and A. Sessitsch, “Expression of alkane monooxygenase (alkB) genes by plant-associated bacteria in the rhizosphere and endosphere of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) grown in diesel contaminated soil,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 157, no. 12, pp. 3347–3350, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Afzal, S. Yousaf, T. G. Reichenauer, M. Kuffner, and A. Sessitsch, “Soil type affects plant colonization, activity and catabolic gene expression of inoculated bacterial strains during phytoremediation of diesel,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 186, no. 2-3, pp. 1568–1575, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. J. Grayston, S. Wang, C. D. Campbell, and A. C. Edwards, “Selective influence of plant species on microbial diversity in the rhizosphere,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 369–378, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. P. Lemanceau, T. Corberand, L. Gardan et al., “Effect of two plant species, flax (Linum usitatissinum L.) and Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.), on the diversity of soilborne populations of fluorescent pseudomonads,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 1004–1012, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. D. B. Nehl, S. J. Allen, and J. F. Brown, “Deleterious rhizosphere bacteria: an integrating perspective,” Applied Soil Ecology, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1–20, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. K. M. Westover, A. C. Kennedy, and S. E. Kelley, “Patterns of rhizosphere microbial community structure associated with co-occurring plant species,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 85, no. 6, pp. 863–873, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H. Ribeiro, A. P. Mucha, C. M. Almeida, and A. A. Bordalo, “Bacterial community response to petroleum contamination and nutrient addition in sediments from a temperate salt marsh,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 458–460, pp. 568–576, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. H. Ribeiro, C. M. R. Almeida, A. P. Mucha, and A. A. Bordalo, “Influence of different salt marsh plants on hydrocarbon degrading microorganisms abundance throughout a phonological cycle,” International Journal of Phytoremediation, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 715–728, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. F. Afreen, S. M. A. Zobayed, J. Armstrong, and W. Armstrong, “Pressure gradients along whole culms and leaf sheaths, and other aspects of humidity-induced gas transport in Phragmites Australis,” Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 58, no. 7, pp. 1651–1662, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. G. Muyzer, E. C. de Waal, and A. G. Uitterlinden, “Profiling of complex microbial populations by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis of polymerase chain reaction-amplified genes coding for 16S rRNA,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 695–700, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. A. McInroy and J. W. Kloepper, “Survey of indigenous bacterial endophytes from cotton and sweet corn,” Plant and Soil, vol. 173, no. 2, pp. 337–342, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. E. Perrat, A. Couzinet-Mossion, O. Fossi Tankoua, C. Amiard-Triquet, and G. Wielgosz-Collin, “Variation of content of lipid classes, sterols and fatty acids in gonads and digestive glands of Scrobicularia plana in relation to environment pollution levels,” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 90, pp. 112–120, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. I. Rakowska, D. Kupryianchyk, T. Grotenhuis, H. H. M. Rijnaarts, and A. A. Koelmans, “Extraction of sediment-associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with granular activated carbon,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 304–311, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. V. H. Smith, D. W. Graham, and D. D. Cleland, “Application of resource-ratio theory to hydrocarbon biodegradation,” Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 32, no. 21, pp. 3386–3395, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. A. Muratova, T. Hübner, S. Tischer, O. Turkovskaya, M. Möder, and P. Kuschk, “Plant-Rhizosphere-microflora association during phytoremediation of PAH-contaminated soil,” International Journal of Phytoremediation, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 137–151, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. H. Brix, “Functions of macrophytes in constructed wetlands,” Water Science and Technology, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 71–78, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. Y. Jouanneau, J. C. Willison, C. Meyer et al., “Stimulation of pyrene mineralization in freshwater sediments by bacterial and plant bioaugmentation,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 39, no. 15, pp. 5729–5735, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. M. Uyttebroek, P. Breugelmans, M. Janssen et al., “Distribution of the Mycobacterium community and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) among different size fractions of a long-term PAH-contaminated soil,” Environmental Microbiology, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 836–847, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. N. M. Leys, A. Ryngaert, L. Bastiaens et al., “Occurrence and community composition of fast-growing Mycobacterium in soils contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons,” FEMS Microbiology Ecology, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 375–388, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. L. Bastiaens, D. Springael, P. Wattiau et al., “Isolation of adherent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-degrading bacteria using PAH-sorbing carriers,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 66, no. 5, pp. 1834–1843, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. A. R. Johnsen and U. Karlson, “Evaluation of bacterial strategies to promote the bioavailability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 452–459, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. W. K. Chu, M. H. Wong, and J. Zhang, “Accumulation, distribution and transformation of DDT and PCBs by Phragmites australis and Oryza sativa L.: II. Enzyme study,” Environmental Geochemistry and Health, vol. 28, no. 1-2, pp. 169–181, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. Y. N. Ho, J. L. Hsieh, and C. C. Huang, “Construction of a plant-microbe phytoremediation system: combination of vetiver grass with a functional endophytic bacterium, Achromobacter xylosoxidans F3B, for aromatic pollutants removal,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 145, pp. 43–47, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. K. J. Germaine, E. Keogh, D. Ryan, and D. N. Dowling, “Bacterial endophyte-mediated naphthalene phytoprotection and phytoremediation,” FEMS Microbiology Letters, vol. 296, no. 2, pp. 226–234, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus