Review Article

Biotechnological Applications Derived from Microorganisms of the Atacama Desert

Figure 1

Examples of habitats of the Atacama Desert from where biotechnological applications have been derived or used. (a) The central valley, the hyperarid core of the Atacama Desert. (b) Heap bioleaching at Radomiro Tomic, an open pit copper mine owned by the Chilean Copper Corporation (Codelco). Note the copper rich blue-green solution obtained from the heaps. (c) The Loa River, a typical arsenic rich river of the Atacama Desert. Image credits: Panels A and C: Armando Azua-Bustos. Panel B: Armando Azua Aroz.