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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 926342, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/926342
Research Article

Phylogenetic Information Content of Copepoda Ribosomal DNA Repeat Units: ITS1 and ITS2 Impact

1Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Gubkin Street. 3, Moscow 119991, Russia
2Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters, Russian Academy of Sciences, Borok 152742, Russia
3Dubna International University for Nature, Society and Man, Universitetskaya Street 19, Dubna 141980, Russia

Received 23 April 2014; Revised 8 July 2014; Accepted 8 July 2014; Published 18 August 2014

Academic Editor: Peter F. Stadler

Copyright © 2014 Maxim V. Zagoskin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The utility of various regions of the ribosomal repeat unit for phylogenetic analysis was examined in 16 species representing four families, nine genera, and two orders of the subclass Copepoda (Crustacea). Fragments approximately 2000 bp in length containing the ribosomal DNA (rDNA) 18S and 28S gene fragments, the 5.8S gene, and the internal transcribed spacer regions I and II (ITS1 and ITS2) were amplified and analyzed. The DAMBE (Data Analysis in Molecular Biology and Evolution) software was used to analyze the saturation of nucleotide substitutions; this test revealed the suitability of both the 28S gene fragment and the ITS1/ITS2 rDNA regions for the reconstruction of phylogenetic trees. Distance (minimum evolution) and probabilistic (maximum likelihood, Bayesian) analyses of the data revealed that the 28S rDNA and the ITS1 and ITS2 regions are informative markers for inferring phylogenetic relationships among families of copepods and within the Cyclopidae family and associated genera. Split-graph analysis of concatenated ITS1/ITS2 rDNA regions of cyclopoid copepods suggested that the Mesocyclops, Thermocyclops, and Macrocyclops genera share complex evolutionary relationships. This study revealed that the ITS1 and ITS2 regions potentially represent different phylogenetic signals.