BioMed Research International / 2014 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Gait Patterns in Hemiplegic Patients with Equinus Foot Deformity

Table 3

Summary of gait analysis parameters characteristics of clusters.

Cluster 1Cluster 2Cluster 3Cluster 4Cluster 5Normative#

Time-distance parameters
Speed of progression (cm/s)
Cycle time (s)
Stride length (cm)
Swing time (% stride)

Kinematic variables (°)
PELVIS max rotation—Sagittal plane
PELVIS min rotation—Coronal plane
PELVIS min rotation—horizontal plane
HIP flexion at initial contact
HIP flexion at toe-off
HIP max extension in stance
HIP max flexion in swing
HIP max abduction in swing
HIP max internal rotation in stance
HIP max external rotation in swing
HIP ROM—Coronal plane
HIP ROM—Sagittal plane
KNEE flexion at initial contact
KNEE max flexion at loading response
KNEE max extension in stance
KNEE flexion at toe-off
KNEE max flexion in swing
KNEE ROM-Sagittal plane
ANKLE flexion at initial contact
ANKLE max plantarflexion at loading response
ANKLE max dorsiflexion in stance
ANKLE plantarflexion at toe-off
ANKLE max dorsiflexion in swing
ANKLE max abduction in stance
ANKLE max adduction in swing
ANKLE max eversion in stance
ANKLE max inversion in swing
ANKLE ROM—Coronal plane
ANKLE ROM—Sagittal plane
ANKLE ROM—Horizontal plane

Normative values are relative to 20 healthy subjects (11 men and 9 women. mean age of 27.9 years. unpublished).

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