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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 968495, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/968495
Research Article

Volumetric Analysis of Amygdala, Hippocampus, and Prefrontal Cortex in Therapy-Naive PTSD Participants

1Institute of Anatomy “NikoMiljanić”, Medical Faculty, Dr Subotića 4, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
2Clinic of Dental Prosthetic, The Faculty of Stomatology, University of Belgrade, Serbia
3Institute for Statistics, Faculty of Organizational Sciences, University of Belgrade, Serbia
4Institute for Traumatology, Emergency Center, Clinical Center of Serbia, Medical Faculty, University of Belgrade, Serbia
5Institute for Psychiatry, Clinical Center of Serbia, Medical Faculty, University of Belgrade, Serbia

Received 8 December 2013; Revised 12 February 2014; Accepted 13 February 2014; Published 13 March 2014

Academic Editor: Igor Jakovcevski

Copyright © 2014 Ana Starcevic et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. In our study we have hypothesized that volume changes of amygdala, hippocampus, and prefrontal cortex are more pronounced in male posttraumatic stress disorder participants. Material and Methods. We have conducted a study of 79 male participants who underwent MRI brain scanning. PTSD diagnosis was confirmed in 49 participants. After MRI was taken all scans were software based volume computed and statistically processed. Results. We found that left amygdala is the most significant parameter for distinction between PTSD participants and participants without PTSD. There were no significant differences in volumes of hippocampi and prefrontal cortices. Roc curve method outlined left amygdala AUC = 0.898 (95% CI = 0.830–0.967) and right amygdala AUC = 0.882 (95% CI = 0.810–0.954) in the group of PTSD participants which makes both variables highly statistically significant. Conclusion. The present investigation revealed significant volume decrease of left amygdala in PTSD patients. Concerning important functions of the amygdala and her neuroanatomical connections with other brain structures, we need to increase number of participants to clarify the correlation between impared amygdala and possible other different brain structures in participants with PTSD.