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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 975070, 8 pages
Review Article

A Clinically Oriented Introduction and Review on Finite Element Models of the Human Cochlea

11st Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Hippocrateion General Hospital, 114 Vas. Sophias Avenue, 11527 Athens, Greece
2UCL Ear Institute, 332 Grays Inn Road, London WC1X 8EE, UK

Received 9 May 2014; Revised 29 August 2014; Accepted 3 September 2014; Published 4 November 2014

Academic Editor: Fan Yang

Copyright © 2014 Dimitrios Kikidis and Athanasios Bibas. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Due to the inaccessibility of the inner ear, direct in vivo information on cochlear mechanics is difficult to obtain. Mathematical modelling is a promising way to provide insight into the physiology and pathology of the cochlea. Finite element method (FEM) is one of the most popular discrete mathematical modelling techniques, mainly used in engineering that has been increasingly used to model the cochlea and its elements. The aim of this overview is to provide a brief introduction to the use of FEM in modelling and predicting the behavior of the cochlea in normal and pathological conditions. It will focus on methodological issues, modelling assumptions, simulation of clinical scenarios, and pathologies.