Table 4: Pre- and posttest depression scores in MAE and comparison groups.

MAE group ()Comparison group ()
VariablesPretestPosttestPretestPosttest
MeanSDMeanSDMeanSDMeanSD

Sadness0.170.4950.020.1560.080.2720.120.3262.510.12
Pessimism0.170.3810.050.2180.230.5140.270.5331.990.16
Past failure0.170.4950.100.3740.080.2720.230.6523.300.07
Loss of pleasure0.170.4950.150.4220.150.3680.270.5330.730.396
Guilty feelings0.200.4010.100.3000.120.3260.080.2720.250.62
Punishment feelings0.100.3000.100.3000.040.2000.120.3260.650.42
Self-dislike0.170.5870.050.2180.080.2770.230.6523.630.06
Self-criticalness0.170.4420.120.3310.120.3320.150.4640.610.44
Suicide thoughts0.130.3350.050.2180.120.4400.080.2720.100.75
Crying0.290.7160.070.2640.080.2720.230.7104.740.03
Agitation 0.150.4220.120.3310.270.4520.350.8460.560.46
Loss of interest0.170.4420.150.3580.150.3680.190.4020.230.64
Indecisiveness0.220.4750.100.3000.080.2720.120.3261.990.16
Worthlessness0.270.6330.100.3000.120.3260.230.7103.460.07
Loss of energy0.460.6740.340.4800.380.4960.500.5831.880.18
Changes in sleeping pattern0.440.6730.370.5360.380.6370.380.7520.120.73
Irritability0.220.4750.120.3310.190.4910.190.4910.850.36
Changes in appetite 0.370.5810.070.2640.270.4520.380.5718.150.006
Concentration difficulty0.170.3810.170.3810.310.4710.310.4710.001.00
Fatigue 0.370.4880.270.4490.380.4960.640.6386.860.011
Loss of interest in sex0.950.9440.781.0610.921.0600.961.1720.280.60

Groups compared with mixed-design analysis of variance model.