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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 196475, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/196475
Research Article

Ethnogynaecological Assessment of Medicinal Plants in Pashtun’s Tribal Society

1Department of Botany, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat 26000, Pakistan
2Department of Environmental Sciences, Fatima Jinnah Women University, The Mall Rawalpindi, Punjab 46000, Pakistan
3Riyadh Community College, King Saud University, Riyadh 11437, Saudi Arabia
4Department of Chemistry, Government College Ara Khel, Frontier Region Kohat 26000, Pakistan

Received 23 September 2014; Accepted 3 December 2014

Academic Editor: Gail B. Mahady

Copyright © 2015 Muhammad Adnan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The present study was designed to document detailed ethnogynaecological knowledge of selected remote regions of Pashtun’s tribe in northwest Pakistan. Semistructured questionnaires were designed to collect ethnogynaecological and ethnographic data. Total of 51 medicinal plants belonging to 36 families were documented that were used by the women of studied regions for the treatment of 9 types of gynaecological complaints. Majority of the plants (19) were found used against menses followed by 11 plants each for gonorrhea and pregnancy. Bannu region has high number of gynaecological plants (22) followed by Karak (15). Women of the regions mostly used whole plants (33%) and leaves (31%) for various ethnomedicinal preparation of gynae. Fic results showed that all ailments in different areas scored high consensus ranges between 0.6 and 1.00. Majority of the female respondents (44%) were aged between 61 and 70 years, of which most were illiterate. Women in the remote regions of Pakistan have tremendous traditional knowledge in utilizing medicinal plants for their reproductive health. Plants with high Fic values should be cross-checked for their in vitro and in vivo validation. Young girls should be educated on the importance of ethnogynaecological practices to conserve this valuable knowledge.