BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity of Some Traditionally Used Medicinal Plants against Human Pathogenic Bacteria

Table 1

Ethnomedicinal data of selected plants of Nepal used for the antibacterial activity evaluation.

Voucher numberBotanical name (family)Common (local) nameParts used traditionallyEthnomedicinal usesReferences

KS-7Acorus calamus L. (Araceae)Sweet flag, Calamus (Bojho)RhizomesCough, respiratory tract infections, skin disease, toothache, dysentery[19, 20]
KS-8Adhatoda vasica L. (Acanthaceae)Malabar nut (Asuro)LeavesBronchitis, asthma, diarrhea, dysentery, as anthelmintic[21, 22]
KS-9Artemisia vulgaris L. (Compositae)Mugwort (Titepati)Aerial partsAntiseptic, diarrhea, dysmenorrhea, asthma, as anthelmintic[21, 22]
KS-10Asparagus racemosus Wild. (Liliaceae)Shatavari (Kurilo)Rhizomes, stemUrinary troubles, diarrhea, as antidysenteric,[19, 21, 22]
KS-11Centella asiatica L. (Umbelliferae)Water Pennywort (Ghodtapre)Whole plantSkin diseases, urinary tract infection, leprosy, ulcers, indigestion[19, 21, 22]
KS-12Cinnamomum camphora L. (Lauraceae)Camphor (Kapoor)Leaves, seeds, barkAs antiseptic, bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, epilepsy[21, 22]
KS-13Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. (Amaryllidaceae)Black musale (Kalo Musali, Dhusilo)RhizomesDiarrhea, dysentery, demulcent, diuretic, skin disease[21, 22]
KS-14Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae)Turmeric (Besar, Haldi)RhizomesAntiseptic, cuts, wounds, as anthelmintic, jaundice, liver disorders[19, 21, 22]
KS-15Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. (Cuscutaceae)Dodder (Aakase beli)Whole plantFever, stomachache, rheumatism, cuts, wounds, as purgative, as anthelmintic[19, 21, 22]
KS-16Cynodon dactylon L. (Poaceae)Bermudagrass, Doob grass (Dubo)Whole plantCuts, wounds, indigestion, genitourinary disorders[19, 21, 22]
KS-17Drymaria cordata Wild. (Caryophyllaceae)Whitesnow, Chickweed (Abijalo)Whole plantLaxative, as antifebrile, as antisinusitis[19, 21, 22]
KS-18Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng. (Compositae)Crofton weed, Eupatory (Banmara)LeavesCuts, wounds, boils, as antiseptic[21, 22]
KS-19Ginkgo biloba Spreng. (Ginkgoaceae)Ginkgo (Ginkgo)LeavesAs antiaging, used to treat Alzheimer’s disease, as anticoldness, as antinumbness[21, 22]
KS-20Psidium guajava L. (Myrtaceae)Guava (Amba, Belauti)Leaves, barkDiarrhea, dysentery, cuts, wounds, piles, cholera[21, 22]
KS-21Rauwolfia serpentina L. (Apocynaceae)Serpentine (Sarpagandha)RootAs antidysenteric, as antidote to snakebite, cuts, wounds, and boils[19, 21, 22]
KS-22Swertia chirayita Roxb. (Gentianaceae)Chiretta (Chiraito)Aerial partsSkin disease, eczema, as anthelmintic, as antidiarrheal, dyspepsia[21, 22]

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