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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 278163, 2 pages

Alternatives to Transplantation in the Treatment of Heart Failure: New Diagnostic and Therapeutic Insights

1Cardiac Surgery Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Parma, Via A. Gramsci 14, 43126 Parma, Italy
2Heart Failure Unit, Cardiology Department, Guglielmo da Saliceto Hospital, 29121 Piacenza, Italy
3Division of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
4DIBINEM, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy
5Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Lausanne, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland

Received 19 October 2015; Accepted 20 October 2015

Copyright © 2015 Francesco Nicolini et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This article has no abstract.