Table 3: The protective effects of TH on lipid peroxide (LPO) levels and activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione reductase (GRx), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) in the hearts of normal and treated rats.

ParametersTreatment
ControlTHISOTH + ISO

LPO (nmol TBARS/mg of protein)9.25 ± 0.68a9.33 ± 0.96a22.42 ± 1.09c16.84 ± 1.06b
SOD (units/mg of protein)1.46 ± 0.05a1.49 ± 0.09a0.16 ± 0.01b0.19 ± 0.02b
GPx
(nmol NADPH oxidized/min/mg of protein)
2.86 ± 0.06c2.83 ± 0.05c1.07 ± 0.19a1.86 ± 0.20b
GRx
(nmol NADPH oxidized/min/mg of protein)
83.66 ± 2.73b85.33 ± 2.18bc76.59 ± 5.92a89.05 ± 5.01c
GST
(nmol CDNB conjugated/min/mg of protein)
2.39 ± 0.21b3.58 ± 0.04a0.85 ± 0.02c1.89 ± 0.23b

Results are expressed as the mean ± SD, .
a,b,cValues in the same row that do not share superscript letters (a, b, and c) differ significantly at < 0.05; TH: Tualang honey; ISO: isoproterenol.