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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 304753, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/304753
Research Article

A New Double Stranded RNA Suppresses Bladder Cancer Development by Upregulating p21Waf1/CIP1 Expression

1Department of Urology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, No. 1095 Jie Fang Avenue, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, China
2Institute of Urology of Hubei Province, No. 1095 Jie Fang Avenue, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, China

Received 3 January 2015; Revised 9 March 2015; Accepted 11 March 2015

Academic Editor: Jiing-Kuan Yee

Copyright © 2015 Chenghe Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We have previously demonstrated that miR-1180-5p has potent ability to upregulate p21 expression by targeting promoter and inhibit bladder cancer. This prompted us to conjecture that a candidate dsRNA (dsP21-397) with perfect complementarity to the miR-1180-5p target site of p21 promoter may also trigger p21 expression. Transfection of dsP21-397 into T24 and EJ cells significantly activated p21 expression at 72 h and the activation presented in a time-course and dose-dependent manner. Moreover, the p21-activated activities of dsP21-397 and miR-1180-5p are not significantly different. Overexpression of p21 downregulated Cyclin D1, CDK4/6, and Cyclin A2 expression, and thereby induced cell cycle arrest and inhibited proliferation. Moreover, dsP21-397 suppressed bladder cancer largely depended on manipulating p21. In conclusion, our study identifies a pair of miRNA-dsRNA mediating endogenous p21 overexpression.