Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 309386, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/309386
Research Article

Effects of Fourteen-Day Bed Rest on Trunk Stabilizing Functions in Aging Adults

1Department for Health Study, Andrej Marušič Institute, University of Primorska, Muzejski Trg 2, SI-6000 Koper, Slovenia
2Faculty of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Information Technologies, University of Primorska, Glagoljaska 8, SI-6000 Koper, Slovenia
3S2P Ltd., Laboratory for Motor Control and Motor Behaviour, Tehnoloski Park 19, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

Received 24 April 2015; Revised 15 June 2015; Accepted 1 July 2015

Academic Editor: Thierry Paillard

Copyright © 2015 Nejc Sarabon and Jernej Rosker. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. Lintner, T. J. Noonan, and W. B. Kibler, “Injury patterns and biomechanics of the athlete's shoulder,” Clinics in Sports Medicine, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 527–551, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. J. Hoffman and P. Gabel, “Expanding Panjabi’s stability model to express movement: a theoretical model,” Medical Hypotheses, vol. 80, no. 6, pp. 692–697, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. M. M. Panjabi, “The stabilizing system of the spine. Part I. Function, dysfunction, adaptation, and enhancement,” Journal of Spinal Disorders, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 383–397, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. A. S. Aruin, N. Kanekar, Y. Lee, and M. Ganesan, “Enhancement of anticipatory postural adjustments in older adults as a result of a single session of ball throwing exercise,” Experimental Brain Research, vol. 233, no. 2, pp. 649–655, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. B. Zazulak, J. Cholewicki, and N. P. Reeves, “Neuromuscular control of trunk stability: clinical implications for sports injury prevention,” The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 497–505, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  6. T. Ikezoe, N. Mori, M. Nakamura, and N. Ichihashi, “Effects of age and inactivity due to prolonged bed rest on atrophy of trunk muscles,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 112, no. 1, pp. 43–48, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. O. Levin, K. Cuypers, Y. Netz et al., “Age-related differences in human corticospinal excitability during simple reaction time,” Neuroscience Letters, vol. 487, no. 1, pp. 53–57, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. M. J. Santos, N. Kanekar, and A. S. Aruin, “The role of anticipatory postural adjustments in compensatory control of posture: 2. Biomechanical analysis,” Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 398–405, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. M. J. Santos, N. Kanekar, and A. S. Aruin, “The role of anticipatory postural adjustments in compensatory control of posture: 1. Electromyographic analysis,” Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 388–397, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. N. Kanekar and A. S. Aruin, “Aging and balance control in response to external perturbations: role of anticipatory and compensatory postural mechanisms,” AGE, vol. 36, no. 3, article 9621, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. S. Bleuse, F. Cassim, J. Blatt et al., “Effect of age on anticipatory postural adjustments in unilateral arm movement,” Gait & Posture, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 203–210, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. N. Kanekar and A. S. Aruin, “The effect of aging on anticipatory postural control,” Experimental Brain Research, vol. 232, no. 4, pp. 1127–1136, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. S. Okada, K. Hirakawa, Y. Takada, and H. Kinoshita, “Age-related differences in postural control in humans in response to a sudden deceleration generated by postural disturbance,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 85, no. 1-2, pp. 10–18, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. C. D. Tokuno, A. G. Cresswell, A. Thorstensson, and M. G. Carpenter, “Age-related changes in postural responses revealed by support-surface translations with a long acceleration–deceleration interval,” Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 109–117, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. J. A. Hides, G. Lambrecht, C. A. Richardson et al., “The effects of rehabilitation on the muscles of the trunk following prolonged bed rest,” European Spine Journal, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 808–818, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. J. A. Hides, D. L. Belav??, W. Stanton et al., “Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of trunk muscles during prolonged bed rest,” Spine, vol. 32, no. 15, pp. 1687–1692, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. D. L. Belavý, G. Armbrecht, C. A. Richardson, D. Felsenberg, and J. A. Hides, “Muscle atrophy and changes in spinal morphology: is the lumbar spine vulnerable after prolonged bed-rest?” Spine, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 137–145, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. D. L. Belavy, G. Armbrecht, U. Gast, C. A. Richardson, J. A. Hides, and D. Felsenberg, “Countermeasures against lumbar spine deconditioning in prolonged bed rest: resistive exercise with and without whole body vibration,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 109, no. 6, pp. 1801–1811, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. D. L. Belavý, J. K. Ng, S. J. Wilson et al., “Influence of prolonged bed-rest on spectral and temporal electromyographic motor control characteristics of the superficial lumbo-pelvic musculature,” Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 170–179, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. D. L. Belavy, C. A. Richardson, S. J. Wilson, D. Felsenberg, and J. Rittweger, “Tonic-to-phasic shift of lumbo-pelvic muscle activity during 8 weeks of bed rest and 6-months follow up,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 103, no. 1, pp. 48–54, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. N. Sarabon and J. Rosker, “Effect of 14 days of bed rest in older adults on parameters of the body sway and on the local ankle function,” Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 1505–1511, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. N. Goswami, V. Kovacic, U. Marucic et al., “Effect of computerized cognitive training with virtual spatial navigation task during bed rest immobilization and recovery on vascular function: a pilot study,” Clinical Interventions in Aging, vol. 10, pp. 453–459, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. J. V. Jacobs, S. M. Henry, and K. J. Nagle, “People with chronic low back pain exhibit decreased variability in the timing of their anticipatory postural adjustments,” Behavioral Neuroscience, vol. 123, no. 2, pp. 455–458, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. M. Klous, P. Mikulic, and M. L. Latash, “Two aspects of feedforward postural control: anticipatory postural adjustments and anticipatory synergy adjustments,” Journal of Neurophysiology, vol. 105, no. 5, pp. 2275–2288, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. M. Voglar and N. Sarabon, “Kinesio taping in young healthy subjects does not affect postural reflex reactions and anticipatory postural adjustments of the trunk: a pilot study,” Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 673–679, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  26. J. Skotte, N. Fallentin, M. Pedersen, M. Essendrop, J. Strøyer, and B. Schibye, “Adaptation to sudden unexpected loading of the low back—the effects of repeated trials,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 37, no. 10, pp. 1483–1489, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. S. L. Morris and G. T. Allison, “Effects of abdominal muscle fatigue on anticipatory postural adjustments associated with arm raising,” Gait & Posture, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 342–348, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. H. J. Hermens, B. Freriks, C. Disselhorst-Klug, and G. Rau, “Development of recommendations for SEMG sensors and sensor placement procedures,” Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 361–374, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. A. E. Hibbs, K. G. Thompson, D. N. French, D. Hodgson, and I. Spears, “Peak and average rectified EMG measures: which method of data reduction should be used for assessing core training exercises?” Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 102–111, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. K. Masani, V. W. Sin, A. H. Vette et al., “Postural reactions of the trunk muscles to multi-directional perturbations in sitting,” Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 176–182, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. A. Radebold, J. Cholewicki, M. M. Panjabi, and T. C. Patel, “Muscle response pattern to sudden trunk loading in healthy individuals and in patients with chronic low back pain,” Spine, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 947–954, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. I. A. Stokes, J. R. Fox, and S. M. Henry, “Trunk muscular activation patterns and responses to transient force perturbation in persons with self-reported low back pain,” European Spine Journal, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 658–667, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. G. Staude and W. Wolf, “Objective motor response onset detection in surface myoelectric signals,” Medical Engineering & Physics, vol. 21, no. 6-7, pp. 449–467, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. S. De Wolf, H. Slijper, and M. L. Latash, “Anticipatory postural adjustments during self-paced and reaction-time movements,” Experimental Brain Research, vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 7–19, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. T. Robert and M. L. Latash, “Time evolution of the organization of multi-muscle postural responses to sudden changes in the external force applied at the trunk level,” Neuroscience Letters, vol. 438, no. 2, pp. 238–241, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. P. W. Hodges and B. H. Bui, “A comparison of computer-based methods for the determination of onset of muscle contraction using electromyography,” Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology/Electromyography and Motor Control, vol. 101, no. 6, pp. 511–519, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  37. B. R. Santos, C. Larivière, A. Delisle, D. McFadden, A. Plamondon, and D. Imbeau, “Sudden loading perturbation to determine the reflex response of different back muscles: a reliability study,” Muscle & Nerve, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 348–359, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  38. M. M. Panjabi, “The stabilizing system of the spine. Part II. Neutral zone and instability hypothesis,” Journal of Spinal Disorders, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 390–397, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. B. C. Clark, J. L. Taylor, R. L. Hoffman, D. J. Dearth, and J. S. Thomas, “Cast immobilization increases long-interval intracortical inhibition,” Muscle & Nerve, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 363–372, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  40. A. Liebetrau, C. Puta, C. Anders, M. H. de Lussanet, and H. Wagner, “Influence of delayed muscle reflexes on spinal stability: model-based predictions allow alternative interpretations of experimental data,” Human Movement Science, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 954–970, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  41. G. Ferretti, H. E. Berg, A. E. Minetti, C. Moia, S. Rampichini, and M. V. Narici, “Maximal instantaneous muscular power after prolonged bed rest in humans,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 90, no. 2, pp. 431–435, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  42. D. L. Belavý, J. A. Hides, S. J. Wilson et al., “Resistive simulated weightbearing exercise with whole body vibration reduces lumbar spine deconditioning in bed-rest,” Spine, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. E121–E131, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. D. L. Belavý, S. J. Wilson, G. Armbrecht, J. Rittweger, D. Felsenberg, and C. A. Richardson, “Resistive vibration exercise during bed-rest reduces motor control changes in the lumbo-pelvic musculature,” Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 21–30, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  44. I. B. van der Fits, A. W. Klip, L. A. van Eykern, and M. Hadders-Algra, “Postural adjustments accompanying fast pointing movements in standing, sitting and lying adults,” Experimental Brain Research, vol. 120, no. 2, pp. 202–216, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar