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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 328142, 15 pages
Review Article

Mobile Phone-Based Joint Angle Measurement for Functional Assessment and Rehabilitation of Proprioception

1Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, AGIM, La Tronche, France
2Univ. Lille, 59000 Lille, France
3Mines Douai, URIA, 59508 Douai, France
4IDS, Montceau-les-Mines, France
5Institut Universitaire de France, Paris, France
6Laboratory for Ergonomics and Work-related Disorders, Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction (SMI), Department of Health Science and Technology, Univ. Aalborg, Denmark

Received 24 April 2015; Revised 22 June 2015; Accepted 2 July 2015

Academic Editor: Massimiliano Pau

Copyright © 2015 Quentin Mourcou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Assessment of joint functional and proprioceptive abilities is essential for balance, posture, and motor control rehabilitation. Joint functional ability refers to the capacity of movement of the joint. It may be evaluated thereby measuring the joint range of motion (ROM). Proprioception can be defined as the perception of the position and of the movement of various body parts in space. Its role is essential in sensorimotor control for movement acuity, joint stability, coordination, and balance. Its clinical evaluation is commonly based on the assessment of the joint position sense (JPS). Both ROM and JPS measurements require estimating angles through goniometer, scoliometer, laser-pointer, and bubble or digital inclinometer. With the arrival of Smartphones, these costly clinical tools tend to be replaced. Beyond evaluation, maintaining and/or improving joint functional and proprioceptive abilities by training with physical therapy is important for long-term management. This review aims to report Smartphone applications used for measuring and improving functional and proprioceptive abilities. It identifies that Smartphone applications are reliable for clinical measurements and are mainly used to assess ROM and JPS. However, there is lack of studies on Smartphone applications which can be used in an autonomous way to provide physical therapy exercises at home.