BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Influence of Malnutrition on Adverse Outcome in Children with Confirmed or Probable Viral Encephalitis: A Prospective Observational Study

Table 2

Univariate and multivariate logistic regression test to identify independent predictors of adverse outcome in patients of viral encephalitis.

Univariate analysis
VariableNumber ()Odds ratio
(95% CI)
value

UndernutritionYes 80
No 34
6.27 (2.6–15.10)<0.001
Requirement of
ventilation
Yes 37
No 77
19.93 (4.47–88.75)<0.001
Rural
Urban
94
20
1.8 (0.70–4.89)0.216
Abdominal
pain
Yes 19
No 95
3.88 (1.059–14.21)0.0041
SplenomegalyYes 65
No 49
0.497 (0.225–1.094)0.082
Congestive heart
failure
Yes 21
No 93
2.21 (0.075–6.55)0.152
Peripheral vascular
failure
Yes 11
No 103
6.88 (0.85–55.83)0.071
Requirement of
ICU care
Yes 40
No 74
5.67 (2.13–15.10)0.001
EdemaYes 45
No 69
3.21 (1.38–7.48)0.007
Signs of
meningeal irritation
Yes 10
No 104
6.09 (0.74–49.92)0.092
Aspiration
pneumonia
Yes 15
No 99
4.60 (0.98–21.46)0.053
Acute renal
failure
Yes 25
No 89
1.74 (0.66–4.60)0.260
Gastrointestinal
bleeding
Yes 16
No 98
2.99 (0.80–11.17)0.104
Prehospitalization
interval
≤3 days 33
>3 days 81
0.63 (0.27–1.44)0.278
Undernutrition by requirement of ventilation (interaction)32.55 (4.24–249.8)0.001

Multivariate analysis
VariableVariableVariableVariable

UndernutritionYes 80
No 34
5.05 (1.9–13.44)0.001
Requirement of
ventilation
Yes 37
No 77
16.75 (3.63–77.34)<0.001

CI: confidence interval; OR: odds ratio.
Based on logistic regression test.
Variables excluded after forward variable selection.

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