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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 430610, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/430610
Review Article

Control of Avian Coccidiosis: Future and Present Natural Alternatives

Laboratorio de Investigaciones Ambientales, Centro de Investigación en Biotecnología, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, 62210 Cuernavaca, MOR, Mexico

Received 8 August 2014; Accepted 21 January 2015

Academic Editor: Gail B. Mahady

Copyright © 2015 Rosa Estela Quiroz-Castañeda and Edgar Dantán-González. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Numerous efforts to date have been implemented in the control of avian coccidiosis caused by the Eimeria parasite. Since the appearance of anticoccidial chemical compounds, the search for new alternatives continues. Today, no product is available to cope with the disease; however, the number of products commercially available is constantly increasing. In this review, we focus on natural products and their anticoccidial activity. This group comprises fatty acids, antioxidants, fungal and herbal extracts, and immune response modulators with proven anticoccidial activity, many of which exist as dietary supplements. Additionally, we offer an overview of the poultry industry and the economic cost of coccidiosis as well as the classical strategies used to control the disease.