BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Improvement of BMI after Lifestyle Intervention Is Associated with Normalisation of Elevated ELF Score and Liver Stiffness in Obese Children

Table 1

Demographic and baseline clinical characteristics of the study population.

(%)/median (range)

Obese study population
 Gender
  Boys17 (44%)
  Girls22 (56%)
 Age (years)12.3 (7.6–17.4)
Characteristics of obesity
 BMI (kg/m2)28.48 (20.9–42.7)
 BMI percentile99.1 (90.7–99.9)
 BMI-SDS2.36 (1.33–3.58)
 WHtR0.61 (0.51–0.74)
 WC > 90th centile39 (100%)
 Triglycerides (mg/dL)80 (25–317)
  Above ULN9 (23.07%)
 Total cholesterol (mg/dL)177 (108–289)
  Above ULN5 (12.82%)
 LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)110 (44–225)
  Above ULN16 (41%)
 Fasting glucose (mg/dL)84 (69–107)
  Above ULN0 (0%)
 HOMA index ( = 37)3.2 (1.1–7.4)
  >137 (100%)
  >322 (59%)

BMI: body mass index; SDS: standard deviation score; WHtR: waist-to-height ratio; WC: waist circumference; ULN: upper limit of normal; HOMA: homeostasis model assessment; n.r.: not recorded.
Upper limits of normal: triglycerides 120mg/dL, cholesterin 250mg/dL, fasting glucose 120mg/dL, HOMA index <1, and LDL cholesterol 116mg/dL.

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