Table 2: Eukaryotic organisms in which violacein was shown to produce negative effects.

TypeOrganismDescriptionReference

FungiBatrachochytrium  dendrobatidis Infects amphibians[24]

ProtozoaRhynchomonas  nasuta Flagellate[6]
Tetrahymena  sp.Ciliate[6]
Acanthamoeba  castellanii Amoeba[6]
Leishmania  amazonensis Causative agent of leishmaniasis[25]
Plasmodium  falciparum Causative agent of malaria in humans[26]
Plasmodium  chabaudi  chabaudi Causative agent of malaria in mice[26]

NematodeCaenorhabditis  elegans [27]