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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 504529, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/504529
Research Article

Anti-Lung Cancer Activity of the Curcumin Analog JZ534 In Vitro

1Chemical Biology Research Center, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325035, China
2Department of Pharmacy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325000, China

Received 3 November 2014; Accepted 8 February 2015

Academic Editor: Xin-yuan Guan

Copyright © 2015 Jianzhang Wu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study investigated the anticancer effect of the curcumin analog JZ534 on lung cancer cell lines H460, A549, H1975, and HCC827. The antiproliferation effect of JZ534 was measured through the methylthiazoletetrazolium assay, and cell colony formation was observed. Cell cycle and apoptosis were determined by flow cytometry, and the preliminary mechanism was studied by Western blot. Results showed that JZ534 significantly inhibited the vitality and colony formation of lung cancer cells. JZ534 induced the G2/M cell cycle arrest of the cancer cells and suppressed the expression of cycle-related proteins, including cyclin B1 and Cdc2. Meanwhile, JZ534 induced cell apoptosis and upregulated the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, including cleaved caspase-3, Bax, and p53. At the same dose, JZ534 showed better antitumor activity than curcumin. These results suggest that JZ534 exhibits excellent anti-lung cancer activity by inhibiting the growth and inducing the apoptosis of lung cancer cells. Therefore, JZ534 is a promising lead compound for cancer treatment.