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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 510395, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/510395
Research Article

Esthetic, Functional, and Everyday Life Assessment of Individuals with Cleft Lip and/or Palate

1Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, University of Bern, Freiburgstrasse 7, 3010 Bern, Switzerland
2Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Athens, 2 Thivon Street, Goudi, 115 27 Athens, Greece
3Department of Orthodontics, University of Geneva, Rue Barthélemy-Menn 19, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland

Received 7 December 2014; Accepted 8 February 2015

Academic Editor: Takashi Yamashiro

Copyright © 2015 Nikolaos Gkantidis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. To evaluate the level of satisfaction of individuals with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) and their parents concerning the esthetic and functional treatment outcomes, the impact of the cleft on everyday life, and potential associations with treatment outcome satisfaction. Subjects and Methods. The sample consisted of 33 patients (7 CP, 20 unilateral CLP, and 6 bilateral CLP; median age: 17.1, range: 9.0–33.1 years) and 30 parents, who responded to a questionnaire in an interview-guided session. All participants received their orthodontic treatment at the Department of Orthodontics in the University of Athens. Results. Patients and their parents were quite satisfied with esthetics and function. Patients with UCLP primarily were concerned about nose esthetics (BCLP about lip esthetics and CP about speech). Increased satisfaction was associated with decreased influence of the cleft in everyday life (0.35 < rho < 0.64, P < 0.05). Parents reported significant influence of the cleft on family life, while patients did not. Conclusions. Despite the limited sample size of subgroups, the main concerns of patients with different cleft types and the importance of satisfying lip, nose, and speech outcomes for an undisturbed everyday life were quite evident. Thus, the need for targeted treatment strategies is highlighted for individuals with cleft lip and/or palate.