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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 516369, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/516369
Research Article

Gender Differences in Health Related Quality of Life among People Living with HIV on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy in Mekelle Town, Northern Ethiopia

1Department of Population and Family Health, College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Jimma University, P.O. Box 2080, Jimma, Ethiopia
2Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Jimma University, P.O. Box 2080, Jimma, Ethiopia

Received 15 August 2014; Accepted 23 December 2014

Academic Editor: Llibre Josep-Maria

Copyright © 2015 Amanuel Tesfay et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Health related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important outcome measure for highly active antiretroviral treatment program. In Ethiopia, studies revealed that there are improved qualities of life among adults living with the viruses taking antiretroviral therapy but there is no explicit data showing gender differences in health related quality of life. Aim. To assess gender differences in HRQOL and its associated factors among people living with HIV and on highly active antiretroviral therapy in public health institutions of Mekelle town, Northern Ethiopia. Methods. A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted among 494 adult people living with HIV taking ART services. Quality of life was measured using WHOQOL-HIV BREF. Result. There was a statistically significant gender difference () in HRQOL among PLHIV on HAART. Females had low score in all HRQOL domains. High perceived stigma was strongly associated with poor psychological quality of domain among both female and male groups with and , respectively. Conclusion. There was statistically significant gender difference in all quality of life domains. Public health interventions to improve HRQOL of PLHIV should take in to account the physical, psychological, social, environmental, and spiritual health of PLHIV during treatment, care, and support.