(a) |
(b) |
Figure 2: The Cox’s regression model. Observed (denoted by square, diamonds and triangles points) and predicted (denoted by solid line) prognosis curves for the PDAC patients according to (a) univariate o and (b) multivariate Cox’s proportional hazard model analysis. As explained in the text, the stepwise procedure based on the likelihood ratio was used to select a model containing a statistically significant subset of prognosis factors. The three predicted prognosis curves in (b) are derived from step 3 (where three cytokines are included), step 4 (four cytokines included), and step 5 (five cytokines included) of this stepwise procedure. The predicted survival curves are adjusted to a logarithmic distribution function, as expected. The coefficient of determination R^{2} is illustrative of the model goodness of fit. As coefficient attested, these models would yield useful predictions, being the five cytokines multivariate model the most accurate, reaching a 92.6%. This means that our PI properly models approximately 93% of the survival variation. |