BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

An Exploratory Analysis of the Relationship between Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and Cognitive/Academic Performance among Adolescents

Table 1

Distribution of selected characteristics among participants.

MaleFemale

Age (yrs)16.8 (0.32)*16.8 (0.30)
Academic performance
 BCT245.9 (19.69)235.8 (20.61)<0.01
Cognitive abilities
 Verbal reasoning21.5 (5.31)21.9 (5.16)
 Numerical ability11.1 (3.56)10.90 (3.37)
 Mechanical reasoning14.3 (3.91)13.3 (3.46)<0.01
 Space relations17.1 (4.49)15.4 (4.49)<0.01
 Abstract reasoning20.2 (4.81)19.1 (4.95)<0.01
 Verbal comprehension21.5 (6.14)22.2 (5.91)<0.05
 Grammar and language usage17.9 (5.04)18.5 (5.00)<0.05
 Perceptual speed and accuracy67.2 (21.33)68.1 (20.19)
Cardiometabolic factors
 Systolic BP (mmHg)124.4 (12.27)113.93 (11.36)<0.01
  SBP range88–16270–151
 Diastolic BP (mmHg)70.8 (9.32)70.8 (7.97)
  DBP range47–10051–96
 Cholesterol (mg/dL)172.3 (35.21)171.9 (30.04)
  Range111–26899–258
 BMI (kg/m2)21.6 (3.77)20.3 (3.21)<0.01
  BMI range15.6–33.514.6–33.6
 Waist circumference (cm)73.90 (10.23)66.17 (7.81)<0.01
  WC range58–10850–99

Mean (SD).

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