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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 521481, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/521481
Research Article

Evaluation of Nutritional Status of Patients with Depression

1Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Nuh Naci Yazgan University, 38170 Kayseri, Turkey
2Kayseri Education and Research Hospital, 38170 Kayseri, Turkey
3Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Izmir Kâtip Çelebi University, 35620 Izmir, Turkey

Received 13 April 2015; Revised 6 August 2015; Accepted 11 August 2015

Academic Editor: Adair Santos

Copyright © 2015 Gülşah Kaner et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aims and Objectives. Our goal was to determine nutritional status, body composition, and biochemical parameters of patients diagnosed with depression based on DSM-IV-TR criteria. Methods. A total of 59 individuals, aged 18–60 years admitted to Mental Health Centre of Kayseri Education and Research Hospital, were included in the study. The participants were randomly assigned to two groups; depression group () and control group (). Anthropometric measurements, some biochemical parameters, demographic data, and 24-hour dietary recall were evaluated. Results. 65.5% of depression and 60.0% of control group were female. Intake of vitamins A, thiamine, riboflavin, B6, folate, C, Na, K, Mg, Ca, P, Fe, Zn, and fibre () were lower in depression group. Median levels of body weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio () were significantly higher in depression group. Fasting blood glucose levels, serum vitamins B12, and folic acid () in depression group were lower than controls. Serum insulin and HOMA levels of two groups were similar. Conclusion. Some vitamin B consumption and serum vitamin B12 and folic acid levels were low while signs of abdominal obesity were high among patients with depression. Future research exploring nutritional status of individuals with depression is warranted.