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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 540306, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/540306
Research Article

Modelling the Longevity of Dental Restorations by means of a CBR System

1Department of Conservative Dentistry, Complutense University of Madrid, Plaza Ramón y Cajal, s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2Department of Computer Science and Automation, University of Salamanca, Plaza de la Merced, s/n, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
3Artificial Intelligence and Bioinformatics Research Group, Faculty of Computing, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia

Received 21 August 2014; Revised 4 November 2014; Accepted 13 November 2014

Academic Editor: Juan M. Corchado

Copyright © 2015 Ignacio J. Aliaga et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The lifespan of dental restorations is limited. Longevity depends on the material used and the different characteristics of the dental piece. However, it is not always the case that the best and longest lasting material is used since patients may prefer different treatments according to how noticeable the material is. Over the last 100 years, the most commonly used material has been silver amalgam, which, while very durable, is somewhat aesthetically displeasing. Our study is based on the collection of data from the charts, notes, and radiographic information of restorative treatments performed by Dr. Vera in 1993, the analysis of the information by computer artificial intelligence to determine the most appropriate restoration, and the monitoring of the evolution of the dental restoration. The data will be treated confidentially according to the Organic Law 15/1999 on 13 December on the Protection of Personal Data. This paper also presents a clustering technique capable of identifying the most significant cases with which to instantiate the case-base. In order to classify the cases, a mixture of experts is used which incorporates a Bayesian network and a multilayer perceptron; the combination of both classifiers is performed with a neural network.