BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Tab 7

Research Article

Surveillance of Food- and Smear-Transmitted Pathogens in European Soldiers with Diarrhea on Deployment in the Tropics: Experience from the European Union Training Mission (EUTM) Mali

Table 7

Accompanying symptoms in diarrhea patients with bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections. n.o. = not observed.

Detected pathogen groups
BacteriaVirusesParasitesNo detected pathogenMultiple infections

Accompanying symptoms in all patients
 Nausea/vomiting8/157/150/154/156/15
 Cramps15/206/202/202/2010/20
 Abdominal pain19/298/292/295/2910/29
 Flatulence9/134/131/132/136/13
 Bloody diarrhea1/10/10/10/10/1
 No data9/121/121/123/127/12
Fever
 Yes2/31/30/31/32/3
 No32/4611/463/468/4620/46

Accompanying symptoms in patients with ≥ 3 stools per day ()
 Nausea/vomiting4/92/90/94/92/9
 Cramps12/163/162/162/168/16
 Abdominal pain15/225/222/224/228/22
 Flatulence6/93/91/92/95/9
 Bloody diarrhea1/10/10/10/10/1
 No data5/70/70/72/73/7
Fever
 Yes2/31/30/31/32/3
 No21/315/312/316/3112/31

Accompanying symptoms in patients with only 1 detected pathogen and assessed symptom data ()
 Nausea/vomitingEPEC (1/2), Shigella spp./EIEC (1/2)Norovirus G2 (2/2), Norovirus G1 (1/2)Cryptosporidium parvum (1/1)
 CrampsShigella spp./EIEC (2/2), STEC (3/4)Norovirus G1 (2/2)n.o.
 Abdominal painEAEC (2/2), EPEC (2/2), Shigella spp./EIEC (2/2), STEC (3/4)Norovirus G1 (2/2), Norovirus G2 (2/2)Cryptosporidium parvum (1/1)
 FlatulenceEAEC (1/2), Shigella spp./EIEC (1/2), STEC (1/4)Rotavirus (1/1), Norovirus G1 (1/2)n.o.
 Bloody diarrheaShigella spp./EIEC (1/2)n.o.n.o.
Fever
 Fever was not observed.