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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 591031, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/591031
Research Article

Resistance to Fracture of Dental Roots Obturated with Different Materials

1Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Başkent University, Ankara, Turkey

Received 13 October 2014; Revised 16 December 2014; Accepted 30 December 2014

Academic Editor: Andrea Scribante

Copyright © 2015 Berkan Celikten et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the vertical fracture resistance of roots obturated with different root canal filling materials and sealers. Crowns of 55 extracted mandibular premolar teeth were removed to provide root lengths of 13 mm. Five roots were saved as negative control group (canals unprepared and unfilled). Fifty root canals were instrumented and then five roots were saved as positive control group (canals prepared but unfilled). The remaining 45 roots were randomly divided into three experimental groups ( root/group) and obturated with the following procedures: in group 1, glass ionomer-based sealer and cone (ActiV GP obturation system); in group 2, bioceramic sealer and cone (EndoSequence BC obturation system); and in group 3, roots were filled with bioceramic sealer and cone (Smartpaste bio obturation system). All specimens were tested in a universal testing machine for measuring fracture resistance. For each root, the force at the time of fracture was recorded in Newtons. The statistical analysis was performed by using Kruskal-Wallis and post hoc test. There were no significant differences between the three experimental groups. The fracture values of three experimental and negative control groups were significantly higher than the positive control group. Within the limitations of this study, all materials increased the fracture resistance of instrumented roots.