Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 618291, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/618291
Research Article

Alterations in the Rate of Limb Movement Using a Lower Body Positive Pressure Treadmill Do Not Influence Respiratory Rate or Phase III Ventilation

Department of Biology, School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182-7251, USA

Received 7 November 2014; Revised 16 December 2014; Accepted 22 December 2014

Academic Editor: Leonardo F. Ferreira

Copyright © 2015 Michael J. Buono et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. J. Bell, “Respiratory control at exercise onset: an integrated systems perspective,” Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology, vol. 152, no. 1, pp. 1–15, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  2. H. V. Forster, P. Haouzi, and J. A. Dempsey, “Control of breathing during exercise,” Comprehensive Physiology, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 743–777, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  3. M. J. Berry, D. W. Bacharach, and T. Moritani, “Stride frequency and ventilation at constant carbon dioxide output,” British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 210–213, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. J. Berry, C. J. Dunn, C. L. Pittman, W. C. Kerr, and N. E. Adair, “Increased ventilation in runners during running as compared to walking at similar metabolic rates,” European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, vol. 73, no. 3-4, pp. 245–250, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. G. McMurray and S. W. Ahlborn, “Respiratory responses to running and walking at the same metabolic rate,” Respiration Physiology, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 257–265, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. G. McMurray and L. G. Smith, “Ventilatory responses when altering stride frequency at a constant oxygen uptake,” Respiration Physiology, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 117–124, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. G. D. Wells, T. Diep, and J. Duffin, “The ventilatory response to sine wave variation in exercise loads and limb movement frequency,” Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology, vol. 158, no. 1, pp. 45–50, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  8. P. Hanson, A. Claremont, J. Dempsey, and W. Reddan, “Determinants and consequences of ventilatory responses to competitive endurance running,” Journal of Applied Physiology Respiratory Environmental and Exercise Physiology, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 615–623, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. D. S. Kay, E. S. Petersen, and H. Vejby Christensen, “Breathing in man during steady state exercise on the bicycle at two pedalling frequencies, and during treadmill walking,” Journal of Physiology, vol. 251, no. 3, pp. 645–656, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. B. Gillis and A. A. Biewener, “Effects of surface grade on proximal hindlimb muscle strain and activation during rat locomotion,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 93, no. 5, pp. 1731–1743, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. G. A. Lichtwark and A. M. Wilson, “Interactions between the human gastrocnemius muscle and the Achilles tendon during incline, level and decline locomotion,” Journal of Experimental Biology, vol. 209, no. 21, pp. 4379–4388, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  12. C. M. Wall-Scheffler, E. Chumanov, K. Steudel-Numbers, and B. Heiderscheit, “Electromyography activity across gait and incline: the impact of muscular activity on human morphology,” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 143, no. 4, pp. 601–611, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  13. M. Amann, G. M. Blain, L. T. Proctor, J. J. Sebranek, D. F. Pegelow, and J. A. Dempsey, “Group III and IV muscle afferents contribute to ventilatory and cardiovascular response to rhythmic exercise in humans,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 109, no. 4, pp. 966–976, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  14. M. J. Berry, A. S. Weyrich, R. A. Robergs, K. M. Krause, and C. P. Ingalls, “Ratings of perceived exertion in individuals with varying fitness levels during walking and running,” European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 494–499, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. M. Grabowski, “Metabolic and biomechanical effects of velocity and weight support using a lower-body positive pressure device during walking,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 91, no. 6, pp. 951–957, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  16. M. D. Hoffman and H. E. Donaghe, “Physiological responses to body weight-supported treadmill exercise in healthy adults,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 92, no. 6, pp. 960–966, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  17. S. A. Ward, “Control of the exercise hyperpnoea in humans: a modeling perspective,” Respiration Physiology, vol. 122, no. 2-3, pp. 149–166, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. Casey, J. Duffin, C. J. Kelsey, and G. V. McAvoy, “The effect of treadmill speed on ventilation at the start of exercise in man,” Journal of Physiology, vol. 391, pp. 13–24, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. M. Marcora, A. Bosio, and H. M. de Morree, “Locomotor muscle fatigue increases cardiorespiratory responses and reduces performance during intense cycling exercise independently from metabolic stress,” The American Journal of Physiology—Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol. 294, no. 3, pp. R874–R883, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus