BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Fig 1

Review Article

Endoscopic Raman Spectroscopy for Molecular Fingerprinting of Gastric Cancer: Principle to Implementation

Figure 1

Three types of scattering: Rayleigh, Stoke, and Antistoke. Rayleigh scattering is a interaction that the excited molecule returns back to the same basic vibrational state and emits light with the same frequency as an excitation source. Raman scattering occurs when a photon with frequency is excited by Raman-active molecule. Stoke frequency is generated by the part of the photon energy is transferred with frequency and the resulting frequency of scattered light is diminished to . Antistoke frequency is released when a photon with frequency is excited by a Raman active molecule with already excited vibrational state. The energy level goes up to . Finally released frequency of scattered light from high virtual energy state to the ground state coincides with .

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