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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 707168, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/707168
Research Article

Kinematics of Rotation in Joints of the Lower Limbs and Pelvis during Gait: Early Results—SB ACLR Approach versus DB ACLR Approach

1The College of Physiotherapy in Wrocław, ul. Kościuszki 4, 50-038 Wrocław, Poland
2The Center of Rehabilitation and Medical Education, ul. Kościuszki 4, 50-038 Wrocław, Poland
3School of Health Sciences, Medical University of Silesia, Medyków 12, 40-752 Katowice, Poland

Received 1 August 2014; Revised 16 March 2015; Accepted 17 March 2015

Academic Editor: Erwin van Wegen

Copyright © 2015 Andrzej Czamara et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

It is difficult to find publications comparing rotation kinematics in large joints of the lower limbs and pelvis during gait in patients after single-bundle (SB) reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACLR) with double-bundle (DB) ACLR of the knee. The aim of this study was to compare rotation kinematics in ankle, knee, and hip joints and the pelvis during gait in the 14th week after SB and DB ACLR. The subjects were males after SB () and DB () ACLR and a control group (). The values of kinematic parameters were recorded during internal (IR) and external (ER) rotation in the joints during gait using the BTS SMART. The SB ACLR group obtained significantly higher values of ER in the involved knee comparing to DB ACLR and controls and excessive IR in the hip comparing to controls. In the DB ACLR group, excessive ER was noted in the involved leg's foot. Comparing with the DB ACLR and control groups, SB ACLR subjects had more substantial disorders of rotation kinematics in the lower limb joints. However, in both ACLR groups, 14 weeks of postoperative physiotherapy were not enough to fully restore rotation kinematics in joints of the lower limbs during gait.