BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Kinematics of Rotation in Joints of the Lower Limbs and Pelvis during Gait: Early Results—SB ACLR Approach versus DB ACLR Approach

Table 5

Intragroup evaluation and intergroup comparison of examined variables in the hip joint.

Hip joint
Internal (+) and external (−) rotation during gait cycle (degrees)
Gait phasesStudied groupInvolved/right legUninvolved/left leg
x SDx SD

KHSSB ACLR2.197.30−1.117.780.287
DB ACLR−3.8811.20−4.599.640.716
Control−7.276.26−8.155.600.614
P 0.0340.095

K1SB ACLR6.607.143.085.030.277
DB ACLR−0.5510.460.158.590.770
Control−2.715.79−3.955.720.440
P 0.0230.042

K2SB ACLR7.186.256.168.110.768
DB ACLR1.689.412.987.100.547
Control−1.435.17−0.114.650.415
P 0.0200.075

KTOSB ACLR8.198.145.907.800.500
DB ACLR2.2510.482.786.180.847
Control−4.156.37−4.654.910.765
P 0.004<0.001

K3SB ACLR9.498.105.708.420.169
DB ACLR1.8511.141.4811.120.904
Control−4.656.18−4.256.540.836
P 0.0010.027

K4SB ACLR0.455.66−3.788.220.285
DB ACLR−6.1512.75−6.829.920.811
Control−12.976.35−12.655.100.856
P 0.0030.023

ACLR: anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction; SB ACLR: group after single-bundle ACLR; DB ACLR: group after double-bundle ACLR; control: control group; : arithmetic mean; SD: standard deviation; KHS: the first contact between the foot and the ground; K1: maximal knee flexion at the beginning of stance phase; K2: the biggest extension of the knee during a single stance; KTO: detaching the toes at the end of stance phase; K3: maximal knee flexion during swing phase; K4: maximal extension of the knee joint in the preparatory phase before stance phase; : significance level (one-way Anova); : significance level (parametric -test for dependent samples). Values in bold are statistically significant.
Presented values obtained in the SB and DB ACLR groups refer to involved leg while values obtained in the control group refer to the right leg.

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