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Letter to the Editor
BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 724715, 10 pages
Research Article

Detecting Key Genes Regulated by miRNAs in Dysfunctional Crosstalk Pathway of Myasthenia Gravis

1Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150081, China
2Department of Neurology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410008, China
3College of Bioinformatics Science and Technology, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150081, China

Received 11 August 2014; Accepted 10 December 2014

Academic Editor: Dongchun Liang

Copyright © 2015 Yuze Cao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a neuromuscular autoimmune disorder resulting from autoantibodies attacking components of the neuromuscular junction. Recent studies have implicated the aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the pathogenesis of MG; however, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. This study aimed to identify key genes regulated by miRNAs in MG. Six dysregulated pathways were identified through differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs in MG, and significant crosstalk was detected between five of these. Notably, crosstalk between the “synaptic long-term potentiation” pathway and four others was mediated by five genes involved in the MAPK signaling pathway. Furthermore, 14 key genes regulated by miRNAs were detected, of which six—MAPK1, RAF1, PGF, PDGFRA, EP300, and PPP1CC—mediated interactions between the dysregulated pathways. MAPK1 and RAF1 were responsible for most of this crosstalk (80%), likely reflecting their central roles in MG pathogenesis. In addition, most key genes were enriched in immune-related local areas that were strongly disordered in MG. These results provide new insight into the pathogenesis of MG and offer new potential targets for therapeutic intervention.