BioMed Research International / 2015 / Article / Fig 2

Review Article

Echocardiographic Evaluation of Left Atrial Mechanics: Function, History, Novel Techniques, Advantages, and Pitfalls

Figure 2

Grade one shows a reduced E/A ratio mitral inflow, measured by PW-Doppler, and a reduced ratio, measured by PW-TDI. Grade 2 represents “pseudonormalization,” and Grade 3 represents restrictive physiology [35, 73].

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