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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 786195, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/786195
Review Article

Fascioliasis: An Ongoing Zoonotic Trematode Infection

Department of Medical Parasitology and Entomology, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P.O. Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania

Received 5 June 2015; Revised 11 August 2015; Accepted 20 August 2015

Academic Editor: David Piedrafita

Copyright © 2015 Mramba Nyindo and Abdul-Hamid Lukambagire. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Zoonotic trematode infections are an area of the neglected tropical diseases that have become of major interest to global and public health due to their associated morbidity. Human fascioliasis is a trematode zoonosis of interest in public health. It affects approximately 50 million people worldwide and over 180 million are at risk of infection in both developed and underdeveloped countries. The one health paradigm is an area that seeks to address the problem of zoonotic infections through a comprehensive and sustainable approach. This review attempts to address the major challenges in managing human and animal fascioliasis with valuable insights gained from the one health paradigm to global health and multidisciplinary integration.