Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 841817, 22 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/841817
Review Article

Nanotechnology-Based Drug Delivery Systems for Melanoma Antitumoral Therapy: A Review

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Drug and Medicines, São Paulo State University, 14801-902 Araraquara, SP, Brazil

Received 9 January 2015; Revised 6 April 2015; Accepted 7 April 2015

Academic Editor: Fabio Sonvico

Copyright © 2015 Roberta Balansin Rigon et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Melanoma (MEL) is a less common type of skin cancer, but it is more aggressive with a high mortality rate. The World Cancer Research Fund International (GLOBOCAN 2012) estimates that there were 230,000 new cases of MEL in the world in 2012. Conventional MEL treatment includes surgery and chemotherapy, but many of the chemotherapeutic agents used present undesirable properties. Drug delivery systems are an alternative strategy by which to carry antineoplastic agents. Encapsulated drugs are advantageous due to such properties as high stability, better bioavailability, controlled drug release, a long blood circulation time, selective organ or tissue distribution, a lower total required dose, and minimal toxic side effects. This review of scientific research supports applying a nanotechnology-based drug delivery system for MEL therapy.