Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 850648, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/850648
Research Article

The Use and Effectiveness of Triple Multiplex System for Coding Region Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in Mitochondrial DNA Typing of Archaeologically Obtained Human Skeletons from Premodern Joseon Tombs of Korea

1Bioanthropology and Paleopathology Lab, Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongon-dong, Chongno-Gu, Seoul 110-799, Republic of Korea
2Department of Anatomy, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongon-dong, Chongno-Gu, Seoul 110-799, Republic of Korea
3Department of Forensic Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongon-dong, Chongno-Gu, Seoul 110-799, Republic of Korea
4Department of Anatomy, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, 911-1 Mok-6-dong, Yangcheon-Gu, Seoul 158-710, Republic of Korea

Received 19 December 2014; Accepted 16 March 2015

Academic Editor: Otto Appenzeller

Copyright © 2015 Chang Seok Oh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. M. Butler, Forensic DNA Typing: Biology and Technology behind STR Markers, Elsevier, Burlington, Mass, USA, 2nd edition, 2005.
  2. H. Y. Lee, J.-E. Yoo, M. J. Park, U. Chung, C.-Y. Kim, and K.-J. Shin, “East Asian mtDNA haplogroup determination in Koreans: haplogroup-level coding region SNP analysis and subhaplogroup-level control region sequence analysis,” Electrophoresis, vol. 27, no. 22, pp. 4408–4418, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. J. Kim, C. S. Oh, I. S. Lee et al., “Human mummified brain from a medieval tomb with lime-soil mixture barrier of the Joseon Dynasty, Korea,” International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 614–623, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. K. Kim, I. S. Lee, W.-L. Kim et al., “Possible rheumatoid arthritis found in the human skeleton collected from the tomb of Joseon Dynasty, Korea, dating back to the 1700s AD,” International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 136–149, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Y. S. Kim, C. S. Oh, S. J. Lee, J. B. Park, M. J. Kim, and D. H. Shin, “Sex determination of Joseon people skeletons based on anatomical, cultural and molecular biological clues,” Annals of Anatomy, vol. 193, no. 6, pp. 539–543, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. K. Kim, M. J. Kim, Y. Kim et al., “Long bone fractures identified in the Joseon Dynasty human skeletons of Korea,” Anatomy & Cell Biology, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 203–209, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. S. S. Han, K.-W. Baek, M. H. Shin et al., “Dental caries prevalence of medieval Korean people,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 535–540, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. H. Shin, C. S. Oh, Y.-S. Kim, and Y.-I. Hwang, “Ancient-to-modern secular changes in Korean stature,” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 147, no. 3, pp. 433–442, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Beom, E. J. Woo, I. S. Lee et al., “Harris lines observed in human skeletons of Joseon Dynasty, Korea,” Anatomy & Cell Biology, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 66–72, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. T. W. Phenice, “A newly developed visual method of sexing the os pubis,” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 297–301, 1969. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. W. M. Krogman and M. Y. Iscan, The Human Skeleton in Forensic Medicine, Charles C Thomas Publisher, Springfield, Ill, USA, 2nd edition, 1986.
  12. J. E. Buikstra and D. H. Ubelaker, Standards for Data Collection from Human Skeletal Remains, vol. 44 of Arkansas Archaeological Survey Research Series, Arkansas Archeological Survey, Fayetteville, Ark, USA, 1994.
  13. D. H. Ubelaker, Human Skeletal Remains: Excavation, Analysis, Interpretation, vol. 2 of Manuals on Archeology, Taraxacum, Washington, DC, USA, 3rd edition, 1999.
  14. C. O. Lovejoy, R. S. Meindl, T. R. Pryzbeck, and R. P. Mensforth, “Chronological metamorphosis of the auricular surface of the ilium: a new method for the determination of adult skeletal age at death,” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 15–28, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. H. O'Rourke, M. G. Hayes, and S. W. Carlyle, “Ancient DNA studies in physical anthropology,” Annual Review of Anthropology, vol. 29, pp. 217–242, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. N. Rohland and M. Hofreiter, “Ancient DNA extraction from bones and teeth,” Nature Protocols, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 1756–1762, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. Y. Yang, B. Eng, J. S. Waye, J. C. Dudar, and S. R. Saunders, “Improved DNA extraction from ancient bones using silica-based spin columns,” The American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 105, no. 4, pp. 539–543, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. M. J. Casas, E. Hagelberg, R. Fregel, J. M. Larruga, and A. M. González, “Human mitochondrial DNA diversity in an archaeological site in al-Andalus: genetic impact of migrations from North Africa in Medieval Spain,” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 131, no. 4, pp. 539–551, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. J. Blow, T. Zhang, T. Woyke et al., “Identification of ancient remains through genomic sequencing,” Genome Research, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 1347–1353, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Calvignac, S. Hughes, C. Tougard et al., “Ancient DNA evidence for the loss of a highly divergent brown bear clade during historical times,” Molecular Ecology, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1962–1970, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Hofreiter, D. Serre, H. N. Poinar, M. Kuch, and S. Pääbo, “Ancient DNA,” Nature Reviews Genetics, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 353–359, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  22. T. Kivisild, H. V. Tolk, J. Parik et al., “The emerging limbs and twigs of the East Asian mtDNA tree,” Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 1737–1751, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Q.-P. Kong, Y.-G. Yao, M. Liu et al., “Mitochondrial DNA sequence polymorphisms of five ethnic populations from northern China,” Human Genetics, vol. 113, no. 5, pp. 391–405, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. Q.-P. Kong, H.-J. Bandelt, C. Sun et al., “Updating the East Asian mtDNA phylogeny: a prerequisite for the identification of pathogenic mutations,” Human Molecular Genetics, vol. 15, no. 13, pp. 2076–2086, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Tanaka, V. M. Cabrera, A. M. González et al., “Mitochondrial genome variation in Eastern Asia and the peopling of Japan,” Genome Research, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 1832–1850, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. M. Holland and E. F. Huffine, “Molecular analysis of the human mitochondrial DNA control region for forensic identity testing,” in Current Protocols in Human Genetics, vol. 14.7, chapter 14, unit 14.7, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  27. H. Y. Lee, I. Song, E. Ha, S.-B. Cho, W. I. Yang, and K.-J. Shin, “mtDNAmanager: a Web-based tool for the management and quality analysis of mitochondrial DNA control-region sequences,” BMC bioinformatics, vol. 9, no. 1, article 483, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. E. D. Aulicino, Genetic Genealogy: The Basics and Beyond, AuthorHouse, Bloomington, Ind, USA, 2013.
  29. D. Kennett, DNA and Social Networking: A Guide to Genealogy in the Twenty-First Century, The History Press, London, UK, 2012.
  30. H. J. Bandelt, P. Lahermo, M. Richards, and V. Macaulay, “Detecting errors in mtDNA data by phylogenetic analysis,” International Journal of Legal Medicine, vol. 115, no. 2, pp. 64–69, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. H.-J. Bandelt, L. Quintana-Murci, A. Salas, and V. Macaulay, “The fingerprint of phantom mutations in mitochondrial DNA data,” The American Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 71, no. 5, pp. 1150–1160, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. H. J. Bandelt, A. Salas, and S. Lutz-Bonengel, “Artificial recombination in forensic mtDNA population databases,” International Journal of Legal Medicine, vol. 118, no. 5, pp. 267–273, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. P. Forster, “To err is human,” Annals of Human Genetics, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 2–4, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. Y. G. Yao, C. M. Bravi, and H. J. Bandelt, “A call for mtDNA data quality control in forensic science,” Forensic Science International, vol. 141, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. A. Salas, A. Carracedo, V. Macaulay, M. Richards, and H.-J. Bandelt, “A practical guide to mitochondrial DNA error prevention in clinical, forensic, and population genetics,” Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 335, no. 3, pp. 891–899, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus