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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 873751, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/873751
Research Article

Morphological Study of the Lingula in Adult Human Mandibles of Brazilians Individuals and Clinical Implications

1CIMA Research Group, Faculty of Dentistry, La Frontera University, Francisco Salazar Avenue 1145, P.O. Box 54-D, 4780000 Temuco, Chile
2Passage Frankfurt 1171, Temuco, Chile

Received 4 January 2015; Revised 18 February 2015; Accepted 19 February 2015

Academic Editor: Levent Sarikcioglu

Copyright © 2015 Nilton Alves and Naira Figueiredo Deana. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. The purpose of this research was to study, in macerated adult human mandibles, the height of the lingula and provide morphometric data for its location considering aspects such as shape of the lingula, gender, and race. Material and Methods. 132 macerated mandibles of Brazilian adult individuals, both sexes, Amerindian and Caucasian, were used. The distances: from mandibular notch to lingula; from anterior margin of ramus of mandible to lingula; from posterior margin of ramus of mandible to lingula; from mandibular base to lingula, and the height of lingula were obtained. To perform these measurements we used a digital caliper. The variables such as gender and race were analyzed. Results. The mean values found for the height of lingula and its location were determined according to the gender, race, and the lingula shape. Conclusion. This research provides additional data on height of the lingula and morphometric data for its location considering aspects such as shape of the lingula, gender, and race, information that had not been reported in the literature to date. We emphasize that a careful study considering gender and ethnic group makes procedures involving the region of lingula safer.