Table 1: Selected plants studied, ethnobotanical information and characteristics.

SpeciesPlant family (voucher specimen no)Part testeda (yield in %)Local nameTraditional uses

Achillea biebersteinii Afan.Asteraceae (CP-101)Fl (1.5)ThafraAntispasmodic and for1 kidney inflammation

Achillea biebersteinii Afan. (CP-101)L (2.6)ThafraAs antispasmodic and for kidney inflammation

Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.AitonAsclepiadaceae (CP-091)L (4.2)AlashurFor treating leprosy and filariasis

Chenopodium murale L.Amaranthaceae (CP-081)F (7.3)JkhearaLeishmaniasis1

Commiphora myrrha L.Burseraceae (CP-071)Resin (70)Somali mirGum used for treating leishmaniasis2

Dodonaea viscosa Jacq.Sapindaceae (CP-061)L (3.5)ShathFor treating chronic ulcer, burns, leishmaniasis2

Euphorbia helioscopia L.Euphorbiaceae (CP-051)AP (4.2)Al-dehinAntiseptic

Lavandula dentata L.Lamiaceae (CP-041)AP (2.9)Al-shiahAs antispasmodic, antiseptic when the leaves chewed1

Pulicaria crispa SCH.BIP Asteraceae (CP-102)AP (3.1)ArararabiAntimalarial, stomach disorders2

Punica granatum L. Punicaceae (CP-011)Fl (2.5)Al-romanAnthelmintic, antiseptic2

Ruta chalepensis L.Rutaceae (CP-121)L (5.2)Al-shathabAntimicrobial2

Solanum incanum L.Solanaceae (CP-131) F (7.6)Al-hadakAntiseptic2

Solanum incanum L.Solanaceae (CP-132)L (3.9)Al-hadakLeaves as dressing for healing wounds, paste of fruits for treating leishmaniasis2

Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) Benth & Hook. f. ex A. GrayAsteraceae (CP-021)L (3.7)SafearaWounds, skin diseases2

Withania somnifera (L.) DunalSolanaceae (CP-011)F (4.6)AlobebChronic dermatitis2

Withania somnifera Solanaceae (CP-011)L (8.5)Alobeb

AP, aerial parts; F: fruits; L: leaves; Re: resins; Fl: flowers: 1most information obtained from reference [12] and 2interviewing with local people.