Table 2: Activity and cytotoxicity of plant extracts against L. amazonensis and peritoneal macrophage from BALB/c mice, respectively.

Species (part testeda) (μg/mL)
Promastigotes
(μg/mL)
Macrophage
SIe (μg/mL)
Amastigotes

A. biebersteinii (Fl)26.9 ± 2.9131.3 ± 6.1513.6 ± 0.6
A. biebersteinii (L)>200
C. procera (L)>200
C. murale (F)>200
Myrrha resin (Re)17.5 ± 0.0149.8 ± 2.03
D. viscosa (L)>200
E. helioscopia (AP)<12.582.5 ± 4.4731.1 ± 3.9
L. dentata (AP)>200
P. crispa (AP)23.5 ± 2.579.0 ± 7.33
P. granatum (Fl)>200
R. chalepensis (L)>200
S. incanum (F)37.8 ± 2.7174.6 ± 6.9524.4 ± 3.0
S. incanum (L)18.0 ± 2.8149.2 ± 3.8831.0 ± 3.8
V. encelioides (L)>200
W. somnifera (F)29.5 ± 1.084.9 ± 4.73
W. somnifera (L)20.3 ± 6.8<12.50

AP, aerial parts; F: fruits; L: leaves; Re: resins; Fl: flowers.
bIC50: Concentration of extract causing 50% growth inhibition.
cSD: Standard deviation.
dCC50: Concentration of extract causing 50% of mortality of peritoneal macrophage from BALB/c.
eSI: Selectivity index. —: Not done.