Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 960840, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/960840
Research Article

Characteristic Gene Expression Profiles of Human Fibroblasts and Breast Cancer Cells in a Newly Developed Bilateral Coculture System

1Department of Breast Surgery, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto 606 8507, Japan
2Department of Breast Surgery, Kyorin University Hospital, Tokyo 181 8611, Japan
3Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
4Cancer Institute, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo 135 8550, Japan

Received 7 December 2014; Revised 27 May 2015; Accepted 28 May 2015

Academic Editor: Chung-Liang Chien

Copyright © 2015 Takayuki Ueno et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The microenvironment of cancer cells has been implicated in cancer development and progression. Cancer-associated fibroblast constitutes a major stromal component of the microenvironment. To analyze interaction between cancer cells and fibroblasts, we have developed a new bilateral coculture system using a two-sided microporous collagen membrane. Human normal skin fibroblasts were cocultured with three different human breast cancer cell lines: MCF-7, SK-BR-3, and HCC1937. After coculture, mRNA was extracted separately from cancer cells and fibroblasts and applied to transcriptomic analysis with microarray. Top 500 commonly up- or downregulated genes were characterized by enrichment functional analysis using MetaCore Functional Analysis. Most of the genes upregulated in cancer cells were downregulated in fibroblasts while most of the genes downregulated in cancer cells were upregulated in fibroblasts, indicating that changing patterns of mRNA expression were reciprocal between cancer cells and fibroblasts. In coculture, breast cancer cells commonly increased genes related to mitotic response and TCA pathway while fibroblasts increased genes related to carbohydrate metabolism including glycolysis, glycogenesis, and glucose transport, indicating that fibroblasts support cancer cell proliferation by supplying energy sources. We propose that the bilateral coculture system using collagen membrane is useful to study interactions between cancer cells and stromal cells by mimicking in vivo tumor microenvironment.