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BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 965303, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/965303
Research Article

Clinical, Psychopathological, and Personality Characteristics Associated with ADHD among Individuals Seeking Treatment for Gambling Disorder

1Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Bellvitge-IDIBELL, 08097 Barcelona, Spain
2CIBER Fisiología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERobn), Instituto Salud Carlos III, 08907 Barcelona, Spain
3Departament de Psicobiologia i Metodologia, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
4Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Vall d’Hebron, 08035 Barcelona, Spain
5CIBER Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Instituto Salud Carlos III, 08907 Barcelona, Spain
6Department of Psychiatry and Legal Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
7Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
8Department of Addictology and Psychiatry, University Hospital of Nantes, 44093 Nantes, France
9Departament d’Infermeria de Salut Pública, Salut Mental i Maternoinfantil, Escola Universitària d’Infermeria, Universitat de Barcelona, 08907 Barcelona, Spain

Received 9 March 2015; Accepted 8 June 2015

Academic Editor: Nader Perroud

Copyright © 2015 N. Aymamí et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. (1) To assess the current presence of ADHD symptoms among patients seeking treatment for gambling disorder; (2) to explore clinical and sociodemographic differences between patients who score high and low on the measure of ADHD symptoms; (3) to analyze whether the presence of ADHD symptoms is associated with more severe psychopathology and with specific personality traits; (4) to analyze the mediating role of ADHD symptoms in the relationship between novelty seeking and gambling severity. Method. A total of 354 consecutive patients were administered an extensive battery assessing gambling behavior, psychopathology, and personality traits. Results. Male and female gamblers did not differ significantly in their mean scores on the ADHD measure. However, younger participants aged 18–35 scored higher. Higher ADHD scores were also associated with greater severity of gambling disorder and more general psychopathology. Regarding personality traits, high persistence and self-directedness were negatively related to ADHD scores, while in women alone a positive correlation was found between ADHD scores and scores on harm avoidance and self-transcendence. Conclusion. The presence of ADHD symptoms in both male and female gambling disorder patients may act as an indicator of the severity of gambling, general psychopathology, and dysfunctional personality traits.