Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 1609317, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1609317
Research Article

Association of Aortic Compliance and Brachial Endothelial Function with Cerebral Small Vessel Disease in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: Assessment with High-Resolution MRI

1Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University and Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Shanghai 200032, China
2Department of Endocrinology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China

Received 18 March 2016; Accepted 26 June 2016

Academic Editor: János Nemcsik

Copyright © 2016 Yan Shan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Tuttolomondo, D. Di Raimondo, R. Di Sciacca et al., “Arterial stiffness and ischemic stroke in subjects with and without metabolic syndrome,” Atherosclerosis, vol. 225, no. 1, pp. 216–219, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. L. Norris, D. Kansagara, C. Bougatsos, and R. Fu, “Screening adults for type 2 diabetes: a review of the evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 148, no. 11, pp. 855–868, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. K. Naka, K. Papathanassiou, A. Bechlioulis et al., “Determinants of vascular function in patients with type 2 diabetes,” Cardiovascular Diabetology, vol. 11, no. 1, article 127, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. G. Arcaro, A. Cretti, S. Balzano et al., “Insulin causes endothelial dysfunction in humans: sites and mechanisms,” Circulation, vol. 105, no. 5, pp. 576–582, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. W. van der Meer, M. Diamant, J. J. M. Westenberg et al., “Magnetic resonance assessment of aortic pulse wave velocity, aortic distensibility, and cardiac function in uncomplicated type 2 diabetes mellitus,” Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 645–651, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. Vlachopoulos, K. Aznaouridis, and C. Stefanadis, “Prediction of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality with arterial stiffness: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 55, no. 13, pp. 1318–1327, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Laurent, S. Katsahian, C. Fassot et al., “Aortic stiffness is an independent predictor of fatal stroke in essential hypertension,” Stroke, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 1203–1206, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. M. Tiehuis, Y. van der Graaf, F. L. Visseren et al., “Diabetes increases atrophy and vascular lesions on brain MRI in patients with symptomatic arterial disease,” Stroke, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 1600–1603, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Stamler, O. Vaccaro, J. D. Neaton, and D. Wentworth, “Diabetes, other risk factors, and 12-yr cardiovascular mortality for men screened in the multiple risk factor intervention trial,” Diabetes Care, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 434–444, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. G. C. van Elderen, A. Brandts, J. J. M. Westenberg et al., “Aortic stiffness is associated with cardiac function and cerebral small vessel disease in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus: assessment by magnetic resonance imaging,” European Radiology, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 1132–1138, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. Santos-García, M. Blanco, J. Serena et al., “Brachial arterial flow mediated dilation in acute ischemic stroke,” European Journal of Neurology, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 684–690, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. Y. Shan, J. Lin, P. Xu, M. Zeng, H. Lin, and H. Yan, “The combined effect of hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus on aortic stiffness and endothelial dysfunction: an integrated study with high-resolution MRI,” Magnetic Resonance Imaging, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 211–216, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Y. Shan, J. Lin, P. Xu, J. Zhou, and M. Zeng, “Comprehensive assessment of aortic compliance and brachial endothelial function using 3.0-T high-resolution MRI: a feasibility study,” Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 437–442, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. Bokura, S. Kobayashi, and S. Yamaguchi, “Distinguishing silent lacunar infarction from enlarged Virchow-Robin spaces: a magnetic resonance imaging and pathological study,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 245, no. 2, pp. 116–122, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. G. Alberti and P. Z. Zimmet, “Definition, diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus and its complications—part 1: diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Provisional report of a WHO consultation,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 539–553, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. M. Grundy, J. I. Cleeman, S. R. Daniels et al., “Diagnosis and management of the metabolic syndrome: an American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Scientific Statement,” Circulation, vol. 112, no. 17, pp. 2735–2752, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. E. Vermeer, W. T. Longstreth Jr., and P. J. Koudstaal, “Silent brain infarcts: a systematic review,” The Lancet Neurology, vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 611–619, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. H. Braffman, R. A. Zimmerman, J. Q. Trojanowski et al., “Brain MR: pathologic correlation with gross and histopathology. I. Lacunar infarction and Virchow-Robin spaces,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 151, pp. 551–558, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  19. F. Fazekas, R. Schmidt, and P. Scheltens, “Pathophysiologic mechanisms in the development of age-related white matter changes of the brain,” Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, vol. 9, supplement 1, pp. 2–5, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Laurent, J. Cockcroft, L. Van Bortel et al., “Expert consensus document on arterial stiffness: methodological issues and clinical applications,” European Heart Journal, vol. 27, no. 21, pp. 2588–2605, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. B. Grotenhuis, J. J. M. Westenberg, P. Steendijk et al., “Validation and reproducibility of aortic pulse wave velocity as assessed with velocity-encoded MRI,” Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 521–526, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. E.-S. Ibrahim, K. Johnson, A. Miller, J. Shaffer, and R. White, “Measuring aortic pulse wave velocity using high-field cardiovascular magnetic resonance: comparison of techniques,” Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, vol. 12, article 26, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. P. Dyverfeldt, T. Ebbers, and T. Länne, “Pulse wave velocity with 4D flow MRI: systematic differences and age-related regional vascular stiffness,” Magnetic Resonance Imaging, vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1266–1271, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. G. Mancia, R. Fagard, K. Narkiewicz et al., “ESH/ESC guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension: the Task Force for the Management of Arterial Hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC),” European Heart Journal, vol. 34, pp. 2159–2219, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. J. Lim, M. Pearman, W. Park, M. Alkatan, and H. Tanaka, “Interrelationships among various measures of central artery stiffness,” American Journal of Hypertension, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. J. M. S. Lee, C. Shirodaria, C. E. Jackson et al., “Multi-modal magnetic resonance imaging quantifies atherosclerosis and vascular dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus,” Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 44–48, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D.-H. Kim, J. Kim, J.-M. Kim, and A. Y. Lee, “Increased brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity is independently associated with risk of cerebral ischemic small vessel disease in elderly hypertensive patients,” Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, vol. 110, no. 6, pp. 599–604, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. F. O'Rourke and M. E. Safar, “Relationship between aortic stiffening and microvascular disease in brain and kidney: cause and logic of therapy,” Hypertension, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 200–204, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. N. Altaf, P. S. Morgan, A. Moody, S. T. MacSweeney, J. R. Gladman, and D. P. Auer, “Brain white matter hyperintensities are associated with carotid intraplaque hemorrhage,” Radiology, vol. 248, no. 1, pp. 202–209, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. Lerman and J. C. Burnett Jr., “Intact and altered endothelium in regulation of vasomotion,” Circulation, vol. 86, no. 6, supplement, pp. III12–III19, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. R. Ross, “Atherosclerosis—an inflammatory disease,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 340, no. 2, pp. 115–126, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. Yeboah, J. R. Crouse, F.-C. Hsu, G. L. Burke, and D. M. Herrington, “Brachial flow-mediated dilation predicts incident cardiovascular events in older adults: the cardiovascular health study,” Circulation, vol. 115, no. 18, pp. 2390–2397, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. N. Gokce, J. F. Keaney Jr., L. M. Hunter et al., “Predictive value of noninvasively determined endothelial dysfunction for long-term cardiovascular events in patients with peripheral vascular disease,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 1769–1775, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. A. Hassan, B. J. Hunt, M. O'Sullivan et al., “Markers of endothelial dysfunction in lacunar infarction and ischaemic leukoaraiosis,” Brain, vol. 126, no. 2, pp. 424–432, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. K. S. King, K. X. Chen, K. M. Hulsey et al., “White matter hyperintensities: use of aortic arch pulse wave velocity to predict volume independent of other cardiovascular risk factors,” Radiology, vol. 267, no. 3, pp. 709–717, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. S. G. C. van Elderen, J. J. M. Westenberg, A. Brandts et al., “Increased aortic stiffness measured by MRI in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and relationship to renal function,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 196, no. 3, pp. 697–701, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus