Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 1743472, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1743472
Review Article

Microchips in Medicine: Current and Future Applications

Brown University, Providence, RI 02903, USA

Received 17 February 2016; Accepted 4 May 2016

Academic Editor: Fabio Sonvico

Copyright © 2016 Adam E. M. Eltorai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

With the objective of improving efficacy and morbidity, device manufacturers incorporate chemicals or drugs into medical implants. Using multiple reservoirs of discrete drug doses, microchips represent a new technology capable of on-demand release of various drugs over long periods of time. Herein, we review drug delivery systems, how microchips work, recent investigations, and future applications in various fields of medicine.