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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 1849134, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1849134
Research Article

The Preventive Effect of Head Injury by Helmet Type in Motorcycle Crashes: A Rural Korean Single-Center Observational Study

1Department of Emergency Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Konkuk University Chungju Hospital, Chungju 27376, Republic of Korea
2Department of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
3Department of Emergency Medicine, Dongguk University School of Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang 10326, Republic of Korea
4Department of Emergency Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Konkuk University Hospital, Seoul 05030, Republic of Korea

Received 7 March 2016; Accepted 9 May 2016

Academic Editor: Zbigniew Gugala

Copyright © 2016 Kang-Min Sung et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. The goal of this study was to determine the preventive effect on head injury by helmet type: full face helmet (FFH), open face helmet (OFH), and half-coverage helmet (HCH). Methods. This is a retrospective observational study of motorcycle crash victims between June 2012 and May 2015 in a rural town in Korea. We performed multiple linear regression to predict the effect of each type of helmet compared to unhelmeted status in preventing head injury using dependent variables based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and applied logistic regression modeling to compare the incidence of head injury. Results. Of the 738 patients, the number of FFH patients was 33.5%, followed by unhelmeted (27.8%), OFH (17.6%), and HCH (13.0%) patients. The FFH and OFH group had a lower head maximum AIS than unhelmeted group (coefficient: −0.368, 95% CI: −0.559 to −0.177 and coefficient: −0.235, 95% CI: −0.459 to −0.010, resp.) and only FFHs experienced a reduction effect of severe and minor head injury (OR: 0.206, 95% CI: 0.080 to 0.533 and OR: 0.589, 95% CI: 0.377 to 0.920, resp.). Conclusions. FFHs and OFHs reduce the risk of head injury, and FFHs have a more preventive effect on head injury in motorcycle crashes.