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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 1851242, 17 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1851242
Review Article

Recent Nanotechnology Approaches for Prevention and Treatment of Biofilm-Associated Infections on Medical Devices

School of Chemical Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 38541, Republic of Korea

Received 5 July 2016; Accepted 13 October 2016

Academic Editor: Ariel Kushmaro

Copyright © 2016 Mohankandhasamy Ramasamy and Jintae Lee. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Bacterial colonization in the form of biofilms on surfaces causes persistent infections and is an issue of considerable concern to healthcare providers. There is an urgent need for novel antimicrobial or antibiofilm surfaces and biomedical devices that provide protection against biofilm formation and planktonic pathogens, including antibiotic resistant strains. In this context, recent developments in the material science and engineering fields and steady progress in the nanotechnology field have created opportunities to design new biomaterials and surfaces with anti-infective, antifouling, bactericidal, and antibiofilm properties. Here we review a number of the recently developed nanotechnology-based biomaterials and explain underlying strategies used to make antibiofilm surfaces.