BioMed Research International / 2016 / Article / Fig 1

Review Article

Applications of Chondrocyte-Based Cartilage Engineering: An Overview

Figure 1

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiations towards chondrocytes and other cell types. Differentiation and growth factors profile are schematically represented in sequence. Characteristic extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins at different stages are presented. Col, collagen; COMP, cartilage oligomeric protein; CD-RAP, cartilage-derived retinoic acid-sensitive protein; AP, alkaline phosphatase; MMP, matrix metalloprotease; BMPs, bone morphogenetic proteins; FGF, fibroblast growth factor; Wnt, Wingless Factors; TGF, transforming growth factor; IGF, insulin-like growth factor; VEGF, vascular endothelial growth factor.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.