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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 2482086, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2482086
Research Article

Application of 3D Printing in the Surgical Planning of Trimalleolar Fracture and Doctor-Patient Communication

1Department of Orthopaedics, The Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang 550004, China
2Center for Tissue Engineering and Stem Cells, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang 550004, China
3China Orthopaedic Regenerative Medicine Group (CORMed), Guiyang 550004, China

Received 17 February 2016; Accepted 8 June 2016

Academic Editor: Jiang Du

Copyright © 2016 Long Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

To evaluate the effect of 3D printing in treating trimalleolar fractures and its roles in physician-patient communication, thirty patients with trimalleolar fractures were randomly divided into the 3D printing assisted-design operation group (Group A) and the no-3D printing assisted-design group (Group B). In Group A, 3D printing was used by the surgeons to produce a prototype of the actual fracture to guide the surgical treatment. All patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation. A questionnaire was designed for doctors and patients to verify the verisimilitude and effectiveness of the 3D-printed prototype. Meanwhile, the operation time and the intraoperative blood loss were compared between the two groups. The fracture prototypes were accurately printed, and the average overall score of the verisimilitude and effectiveness of the 3D-printed prototypes was relatively high. Both the operation time and the intraoperative blood loss in Group A were less than those in Group B (). Patient satisfaction using the 3D-printed prototype and the communication score were points. A 3D-printed prototype can faithfully reflect the anatomy of the fracture site; it can effectively help the doctors plan the operation and represent an effective tool for physician-patient communication.