Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 2825056, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2825056
Research Article

Cockroaches as a Source of High Bacterial Pathogens with Multidrug Resistant Strains in Gondar Town, Ethiopia

1Department of Microbiology, School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia
2University of Gondar Hospital Laboratory, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia
3Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia
4Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, University of Gondar, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia

Received 18 December 2015; Accepted 15 May 2016

Academic Editor: Paul M. Tulkens

Copyright © 2016 Feleke Moges et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. X. Bonnefoy, H. Kampen, and K. Sweeney, Public Health Significance of Urban Pests, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008.
  2. M. E. Rueger and T. A. Olson, “Cockroaches (Blattaria) as vectors of food poisoning and food infection organisms,” Journal of Medical Entomology, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 185–189, 1969. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. E. Czajka, K. Pancer, M. Kochman et al., “Characteristics of bacteria isolated from body surface of German cockroaches caught in hospitals,” Przegląd Epidemiologiczny, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 655–662, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. F. Cotton, E. Wasserman, C. H. Pieper et al., “Invasive disease due to extended spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in a neonatal unit: the possible role of cockroaches,” Journal of Hospital Infection, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 13–17, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H.-H. Pai, W.-C. Chen, and C.-F. Peng, “Isolation of bacteria with antibiotic resistance from household cockroaches (Periplaneta americana and Blattella germanica),” Acta Tropica, vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 259–265, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. T. K. Graczyk, R. Knight, and L. Tamang, “Mechanical transmission of human protozoan parasites by insects,” Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 128–132, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. B. W. Allen, “Excretion of viable tubercle bacilli by Blatta orientalis (the oriental cockroach) following ingestion of heat-fixed sputum smears: a laboratory investigation,” Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 98–99, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. Fotedar, Shriniwas, U. Banerjee, J. C. Samantray, E. Nayar, and A. Vermat, “Nosocomial infections: cockroaches as possible vectors of drug-resistant Klebsiella,” Journal of Hospital Infection, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 155–159, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. M. Blazar, E. K. Lienau, and M. W. Allard, “Insects as vectors of foodborne pathogenic bacteria,” Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 5–16, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. C. Brown and A. Alhassan, “Multiple-antibiotic-resistant bacteria from cockroaches trapped from a public hospital and a nearby students’ hostel in Accra, Ghana,” International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 1859–1864, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. M. Cheesbrough, District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2006.
  12. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI), “Performance standards for antimicrobial susceptibility testing: twenty-first informational supplement,” Tech. Rep. M100-S21, Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI), Wayne, Pa, USA, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  13. D. G. Cochran, Cockroaches: Their Biology, Distribution and Control, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1999.
  14. M. R. Fakoorziba, F. Eghbal, J. Hassanzadeh, and M. D. Moemenbellah-Fard, “Cockroaches (Periplaneta americana and Blattella germanica) as potential vectors of the pathogenic bacteria found in nosocomial infections,” Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, vol. 104, no. 6, pp. 521–528, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Y. M. Tatfeng, M. U. Usuanlele, A. Orukpe et al., “Mechanical transmission of pathogenic organisms: the role of cockroaches,” Journal of Vector Borne Diseases, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 129–134, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Salehzadeh, P. Tavacol, and H. Mahjub, “Bacterial, fungal and parasitic contamination of cockroaches in public hospitals of Hamadan, Iran,” Journal of Vector Borne Diseases, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 105–110, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. E. Tachbele, W. Erku, T. Gebre-Michael, and M. Ashenafi, “Cockroach associated food born bacterial pathogens from some hospitals and restaurants in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: distribution and antibiograms,” Journal of Rural and Tropical Public Health, vol. 5, pp. 34–41, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  18. K. Todar, Todar's Online Textbook of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Bacteriology, Madison, Wis, USA, 2006.
  19. S. Mpuchane, I. Matsheka, B. Gashe, J. Allotey, G. Murindamombe, and N. Mrema, “Microbiological studies of cockroaches from three localities in Gaborone, Botswana,” African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 1–17, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. M. A. Prado, E. Gir, M. S. Pereira, C. Reis, and F. C. Pimenta, “Profile of antimicrobial resistance of bacteria isolated from cockroaches (Periplaneta americana) in a Brazilian health care institution,” Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 26–32, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. Isaac, P. O. Orue, M. I. Iyamu, J. I. Ehiaghe, and O. Isaac, “Comparative analysis of pathogenic organisms in cockroaches from different community settings in Edo State, Nigeria,” Korean Journal of Parasitology, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 177–181, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. T. H. Van, G. Moutafis, L. T. Tran, and P. J. Coloe, “Antibiotic resistance in food-borne bacterial contaminants in Vietnam,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 73, no. 24, pp. 7906–7911, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. G. Newell, M. Koopmans, L. Verhoef et al., “Food-borne diseases—the challenges of 20years ago still persist while new ones continue to emerge,” International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 139, supplement, pp. S3–S15, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. H. Nikaido, “Multidrug resistance in bacteria,” Annual Review of Biochemistry, vol. 78, pp. 119–146, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. Zacharia, A. Peter, J. Mathew, and R. Murali, “Antibiotic resistance profile of bacterial pathogens in the gut of P. americana,” Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 42–46, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. F. Potter, “The perfect storm: an extension view on bed bugs,” American Entomologist, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 102–104, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. J. Goddard, Public Health Entomology, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2012.